cover image


County in South West England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Devon, England?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Devon (/ˈdɛvən/ DEV-ən,[6] also historically known as Devonshire /ˈdɛvənʃɪər, -ʃər/ DEV-ən-sheer, -shər)[6] is a ceremonial, non-metropolitan, and historic county in South West England. Devon is coastal with a variety of cliffs and sandy beaches. It has the largest open space in southern England, Dartmoor National Park. A predominantly rural county, Devon has a relatively low population density for a county in England.[7] Its most populous settlement is the City of Plymouth. The county town of Devon, the City of Exeter, is the second most populous settlement. The county is bordered by Somerset to the north east, Dorset to the east, and Cornwall to the west. Its economy is heavily orientated around the tourism and agriculture industries.

Quick facts: Devon, Sovereign state, Constituent country, ...
"Auxilio Divino"
("With the help of God")[1]
Devon within England
Coordinates: 50°43′N 3°43′W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceDevon and Cornwall Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantDavid Fursdon[2]
High SheriffRichard Youngman[3] (2022–23)
Area6,707 km2 (2,590 sq mi)
  Ranked4th of 48
Population (2021)1,194,166
  Ranked11th of 48
Density178/km2 (460/sq mi)
Non-metropolitan county
County councilDevon County Council
Admin HQExeter
Area6,564 km2 (2,534 sq mi)
  Ranked3rd of 26
  Ranked12th of 26
Density122/km2 (320/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-DEV
ONS code18
GSS codeE10000008
Unitary authorities
CouncilsPlymouth City Council
Torbay Council
Districts of Devon
Unitary County council area
  1. North Devon
  2. Torridge
  3. Mid Devon
  4. East Devon
  5. City of Exeter
  6. West Devon
  7. Teignbridge
  8. City of Plymouth
  9. South Hams
  10. Torbay

Devon is administratively split into the non-metropolitan districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, West Devon, Exeter, and two unitary authority areas of Plymouth, and Torbay.[8] Combined as a ceremonial county, Devon's area is 6,707 km2 (2,590 square miles)[9] and its population is about 1.2 million.

The county derives its name from Dumnonia (the shift from m to v is a typical Celtic consonant shift). During the British Iron Age, Roman Britain and the early Middle Ages, this was the homeland of the Dumnonii Brittonic Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was later constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England.