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Doner kebab

Turkish meat dish / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Doner kebab (UK: /ˈdɒnər kɪˈbæb/, US: /ˈdnər kɪˈbɑːb/; Turkish: döner or döner kebap, pronounced [dœˈnæɾ ceˈbap]), also spelled döner kebab, is a type of kebab, made of meat cooked on a vertical rotisserie.[1] Seasoned meat stacked in the shape of an inverted cone is turned slowly on the rotisserie, next to a vertical cooking element. The operator uses a knife to slice thin shavings from the outer layer of the meat as it cooks. The vertical rotisserie was invented in the 19th-century Ottoman Empire, and dishes such as the Arab shawarma, Greek gyros, Canadian donair, and Mexican al pastor are derived from this.[2][3][4]

Quick facts: Course, Place of origin, Region or state, Ser...
Doner kebab
Döner kebabs in Istanbul, Turkey
CourseSnack or main course
Place of originOttoman Empire
Region or stateAnatolia
(in present-day Turkey)
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsLamb, beef, chicken, or (rarely) pork
Variationsİskender, Shawarma, Gyros, Al pastor
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The modern sandwich variant of döner kebab originated and was popularized in 1970s West Berlin by Turkish immigrants.[5][6][7] This was recognized by the Berlin-based Association of Turkish Doner Manufacturers in Europe, in 2011.[8] Nowadays there are more döner kebab stores in Berlin than in Istanbul.[9]

Doner kebab as a sandwich

The sliced meat of a doner kebab may be served on a plate with various accompaniments, stuffed into a pita or other type of bread as a sandwich, or wrapped in a thin flatbread such as lavash or yufka, known as a dürüm (literally meaning roll or wrap in Turkish). Kadir Nurman in the early 1970s introduced the sandwich or wrap form, which has become popular around the world as a fast food dish sold by kebab shops, and is often called simply a "kebab".[10] The sandwich generally contains salad or vegetables, which may include tomato, lettuce, cabbage, onion with sumac, fresh or pickled cucumber, or chili, and various types of sauces.