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Dubai (//, doo-BY; Arabic: دبي, romanized: Dubay, IPA: [dʊˈbajj], Gulf Arabic pronunciation: [dəˈbaj]) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai, the most populated of the country's seven emirates.
|Country||United Arab Emirates|
|Founded by||Obeid bin Said & Maktoum bin Butti Al Maktoum|
|• Type||Absolute monarchy|
|• Director General of Dubai Municipality||Dawoud Al Hajri|
|• Total||1,610 km2 (620 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+04:00 (UAE Standard Time)|
|Nominal GDP||2021 estimate|
|Total||US$ 177.01 billion|
Established in the 19th century as a small fishing village, Dubai grew into a regional trading hub from the early 20th century and grew rapidly in the late 20th and early 21st centuries with a focus on tourism and luxury. It is second-most in five-star hotels in the world and boasts the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa, which is 828 metres (2,717 ft) tall.
In the eastern Arabian Peninsula on the coast of the Persian Gulf, it is a major global transport hub for passengers and cargo. Oil revenue helped accelerate the development of the city, which was already a major mercantile hub.
A centre for regional and international trade since the early 20th century, Dubai's economy relies on revenues from trade, tourism, aviation, real estate and financial services. Oil production contributed less than 1 percent of the emirate's GDP in 2018. The city has a population of around 3.49 million (as of 2021).