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Ecuadorian–Peruvian War

1941 South American border conflict / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Ecuadorian–Peruvian War, known locally as the War of '41 (Spanish: Guerra del 41), was a South American border war fought between 5–31 July 1941. It was the first of three military conflicts between Ecuador and Peru during the 20th century.

Quick facts: Ecuadorian–Peruvian War, Date, Location, Resu...
Ecuadorian–Peruvian War
Part of the Ecuadorian–Peruvian Conflicts
Collage of the Peruvian-Ecuadorian War
Date5 July 1941 – 31 July 1941 (combat) (3 weeks and 5 days)
Ecuadorian provinces of El Oro, Loja, Santiago Zamora [es] and Napo Pastaza [es]

Peruvian victory

Flag_of_Peru_%281884%E2%80%931950%29.svg Peru Flag_of_Ecuador_%281900%E2%80%932009%29.svg Ecuador
Commanders and leaders
Peru Manuel Prado
Peru Eloy G. Ureta
Peru Marciano Munoz Ramirez[1][2]
Ecuador Carlos Alberto Arroyo
Ecuador Luis Rodríguez
5 July 1941:
11 tanks
24 guns (from the Agrupamiento del Norte)
In Amazonia:
8 guns
In Quito:
Casualties and losses
110 killed
200 wounded[3]
1,000 killed[3]
At the beginning of offensive, numbers have been estimated between 15,200 and 30,000.

During the war, Peru occupied the western Ecuadorian province of El Oro and parts of the Andean province of Loja. Although the war took place during World War II, it is unrelated to that conflict, as neither country was supported by either the Allies or the Axis.

A ceasefire agreement between the two countries came into effect on 31 July 1941. Both countries signed the Rio Protocol on 29 January 1942, and Peruvian forces subsequently withdrew. The enmity over the territorial dispute continued after 1942 and concluded following the Cenepa War of 1995 and the signing of the Brasilia Presidential Act agreement in October 1998.[4]