El Paso, Texas

City in Texas, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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El Paso (/ɛl ˈpæs/; Spanish: [el ˈpaso]; lit.'the pass' or 'the step') is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States. The 2020 population of the city from the U.S. Census Bureau was 678,815,[4] making it the 22nd-most populous city in the U.S., the most populous city in West Texas, and the sixth-most populous city in Texas.[7] The city has the largest Hispanic population share of main cities in the U.S. at 81%. Its metropolitan statistical area covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, and had a population of 868,859 in 2020.[8]

Quick facts: El Paso, Country, State, County, First settle...
El Paso
Official seal of El Paso
The Sun City,[1] El Chuco[2]
Location in El Paso County and the State of Texas
Location in El Paso County and the State of Texas
El Paso is located in Texas
El Paso
El Paso
Location in Texas
El Paso is located in the United States
El Paso
El Paso
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 31°45′33″N 106°29′19″W
CountryUnited States
CountyEl Paso
First settlement1680; 343 years ago (1680)
Settled as Franklin1849
Renamed El Paso1852
Town laid out1859
  City Council
  • Mayor Oscar Leeser (D)
  • Brian Kennedy
  • Alexsandra Annello
  • Cassandra Hernandez
  • Joe Molinar
  • Isabel Salcido
  • Art Fierro
  • Henry Rivera
  • Chris Canales
  City managerCary Westin (Interim)
  City259.25 sq mi (671.46 km2)
  Land258.43 sq mi (669.33 km2)
  Water0.82 sq mi (2.13 km2)
3,740 ft (1,140 m)
  Rank61st in North America
22nd in the United States
6th in Texas
  Density2,626.69/sq mi (1,014.17/km2)
854,584 (US: 53rd)
  Urban density3,339.7/sq mi (1,289.5/km2)
  Metro868,859 (US: 67th)
DemonymEl Pasoan
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP Codes
  • 79900–79999
  • 88500–88599 (PO boxes)
Area codes915
FIPS code48-24000
GNIS feature ID1380946[6]

El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.[9] The Las Cruces area, in the neighboring U.S. state of New Mexico, has a population of 219,561.[10] On the U.S. side, the El Paso metropolitan area forms part of the larger El Paso–Las Cruces combined statistical area, which has a population of 1,092,742.[10] These three cities form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or the Borderplex. The region of 2.7 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational workforce in the Western Hemisphere.[11]

The city is home to three publicly traded companies, and former Western Refining, now Marathon Petroleum,[12] as well as home to the Medical Center of the Americas,[13] the only medical research and care provider complex in West Texas and Southern New Mexico,[14] and the University of Texas at El Paso, the city's primary university. The city hosts the annual Sun Bowl college football postseason game, the second-oldest bowl game in the country.[15] El Paso has a strong federal and military presence. William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Biggs Army Airfield, and Fort Bliss are located in the area. Also headquartered in El Paso is the Drug Enforcement Administration domestic field division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, United States Border Patrol El Paso Sector, and U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group.

El Paso is a five-time All-America City Award winner, winning in 1969, 2010, 2018, 2020, and 2021,[16] and Congressional Quarterly ranked it in the top-three safest large cities in the United States between 1997 and 2014,[17] including holding the title of the safest city between 2011 and 2014.[18]

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