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Engraved Hourglass Nebula

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Hourglass Nebula
Emission nebula
Planetary nebula
1996 Hubble Space Telescope image of the Hourglass Nebula
Observation data: J2000 epoch
Right ascension13h 39m 35.116s[1]
Declination−67° 22′ 51.45″[1]
Distance8,000 ly
Apparent magnitude (V)13.0[1]
Physical characteristics
Radius- ly
Absolute magnitude (V)-
Notable features-
DesignationsESO 97-1,[1]

Engraved Hourglass Nebula,[1]
Etched Hourglass Nebula,[1]

PN MyCn 18[1]
See also: Lists of nebulae

The Engraved Hourglass Nebula (also known as MyCn 18[2]) is a young planetary nebula in the southern constellation Musca. It was discovered by Annie Jump Cannon and Margaret W. Mayall during their work on an extended Henry Draper Catalogue (the catalogue was built between 1918 and 1924). At the time, it was designated simply as a small faint planetary nebula. Much improved telescopes and imaging techniques allowed the hourglass shape of the nebula to be discovered by Romano Coradi and Hugo Schwarz in images taken during 1991–1992 at the European Southern Observatory.[3] It is conjectured that MyCn 18's hourglass shape is produced by the expansion of a fast stellar wind within a slowly expanding cloud which is denser near its equator than its poles. The vivid colours given off by the nebula are the result of different 'shells' of elements being expelled from the dying star, in this case helium, nitrogen, oxygen and carbon.

The Hourglass Nebula was photographed by the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 of the Hubble Space Telescope.

A less-famous "Hourglass Nebula" is located inside the Lagoon Nebula.

See also


  1. STScI. Hubble Finds an Hourglass Nebula around a Dying Star. Press release: Space Telescope Science Institute. January 16, 1996.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "PN MyCn 18". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2006-12-22.
  2. ^ MyCn stands for Margaret Walton Mayall (My) and Annie Jump Cannon (Cn), their 39-object catalogue was published in 1940 as New Peculiar Spectra in the Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, no. 913; Mayall has a later 139-object catalogue to her name, designated My: New Peculiar Spectra, Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, no. 920.
  3. ^ Corradi, Romano L. M.; Schwarz, Hugo E. (1993). "Coradi & Schwarz (1993)". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 268: 714. Bibcode:1993A&A...268..714C.

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Engraved Hourglass Nebula
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