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Europe of Democracies and Diversities

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Europe of Democracies and Diversities
European Parliament group
EDD logo
NameEurope of Democracies and Diversities
English abbr.EDD
French abbr.EDD
Formal nameEurope of Democracies and Diversities Group
From20 July 1999
To20 July 2004
Preceded byGroup of Independents for a Europe of Nations
Succeeded byIndependence/Democracy
Chaired byJens-Peter Bonde
MEP(s)16 (20 July 1999)

Europe of Democracies and Diversities (EDD) was a Eurosceptic[1][2] political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1999 and 2004. Following the 2004 European elections, the group reformed as Independence/Democracy (IND/DEM).[1]


  1. June Movement (Denmark), 3 seats
  2. People's Movement against the EU (Denmark), 1 seat
  3. Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (France), 6 seats
  4. ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party (Netherlands), 3 seats
  5. UK Independence Party (United Kingdom), 3 seats
  6. Combats Souverainistes (France), 1 MEP defected from Rally for France/UEN group in March 2001
  7. League of Polish Families (Poland), after Poland joined the EU in May 2004


  1. ^ a b David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. p. 276. ISBN 978-1-135-08127-0. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  2. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European party system". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
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Europe of Democracies and Diversities
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