European Space Agency

European organization dedicated to space exploration / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The European Space Agency (ESA)[lower-alpha 1] is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states[7] dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,200, as of 2018,[8] and an annual budget of about €7.08 billion, as of 2023.[4]

Quick facts: Agency overview, Abbreviation, Formed, Type, ...
European Space Agency
  • Czech: Evropská kosmická agentura
  • Danish: Den Europæiske Rumorganisation
  • German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation
  • Estonian: Euroopa Kosmoseagentuur
  • French: Agence spatiale européenne
  • Finnish: Euroopan avaruusjärjestö
  • Greek: Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος
  • Hungarian: Európai Űrügynökség
  • Irish: Gníomhaireacht Spáis na hEorpa
  • Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Europea
  • Luxembourgish: Europäesch Weltraumorganisatioun
  • Dutch: Europese Ruimtevaartorganisatie
  • Norwegian: Den europeiske romfartsorganisasjon
  • Polish: Europejska Agencja Kosmiczna
  • Portuguese: Agência Espacial Europeia
  • Romanian: Agenția Spațială Europeană
  • Romansh: Agenzia spaziala europeica
  • Spanish: Agencia Espacial Europea
  • Swedish: Europeiska rymdorganisationen
European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) Main Control Room, Darmstadt, Germany
Agency overview
  • ESA
  • ASE
Formed30 May 1975; 48 years ago (1975-05-30)
TypeSpace agency
HeadquartersParis, Île-de-France, France
48°50′54″N 02°18′15″E
Official languageEnglish and French (working languages) [1][2]
AdministratorDirector General Josef Aschbacher
Primary spaceportGuiana Space Centre
Annual budgetIncrease €7.08 billion
(2023)[4] Edit this at Wikidata

ESA's space flight programme includes human spaceflight (mainly through participation in the International Space Station program); the launch and operation of un-crewed exploration missions to other planets (such as Mars) and the Moon; Earth observation, science and telecommunication; designing launch vehicles; and maintaining a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou (French Guiana), France. The main European launch vehicle Ariane 6 will be operated through Arianespace with ESA sharing in the costs of launching and further developing this launch vehicle. The agency is also working with NASA to manufacture the Orion spacecraft service module that flies on the Space Launch System.[9][10]