Evidence-based assessment

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Evidence-based assessment (EBA) refers to the use of research and theory to guide the selection of constructs to be used for a specific assessment purpose and to inform the methods and measures used in the assessment process.[1] It involves the recognition that, even with data from psychometrically strong measures, the assessment process is inherently a decision-making task in which the clinician must iteratively formulate and test hypotheses by integrating data that are often incomplete and consistent.[1] EBA has been found to help clinicians in cognitively debiasing their clinical decisions.[2] Evidence-based assessment is part of a larger movement towards evidence-based practices.

EBA was first introduced in the field of medicine,[3] and has been introduced to other fields, notably clinical psychology. The EBA approach is widely acknowledged to be an empirically driven method to clinical decision-making, and Cochrane reviews have reported the efficacy of EBA methods.[4]