Women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Overview of the status of women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have not attained a position of full equality with men, with their struggle continuing to this day. Although the Mobutu regime paid lip service to the important role of women in society, and although women enjoy some legal rights (e.g., the right to own property and the right to participate in the economic and political sectors), custom and legal constraints still limit their opportunities.[3]

Quick facts: General Statistics, Maternal mortality (...
Women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congolese woman near Walungu, South Kivu
General Statistics
Maternal mortality (per 100,000)540 (2010)
Women in parliament8.2% (2012)
Women over 25 with secondary education10.7% (2010)
Women in labour force70.2% (2011)
Gender Inequality Index[1]
Value0.601 (2021)
Rank151st out of 191
Global Gender Gap Index[2]
Value0.575 (2022)
Rank144th out of 146

The inferiority of women has always been embedded in the indigenous social system and reemphasized in the colonial era. The colonial-era status of African women in urban areas was low. Adult women were legitimate urban dwellers if they were wives, widows, or elderly. Otherwise they were presumed to be femmes libres (free women) and were taxed as income-earning prostitutes, whether they were or not. From 1939 to 1943, over 30% of adult Congolese women in Stanleyville (now Kisangani) were so registered. The taxes they paid constituted the second largest source of tax revenue for Stanleyville.[3]

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