Fianna Fáil

Irish political party / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fianna Fáil (/fiˌænə ˈfɔɪl, ˌfənə -/,[27][28] Irish: [ˌfʲiən̪ˠə ˈfˠaːlʲ] (listen); meaning 'Soldiers of Destiny' or 'Warriors of Fál'),[29] officially Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party[30][31] (Irish: Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtánach),[32] is a conservative[33][34][35][36][37] and Christian-democratic[38][39][40] political party in Ireland.

Quick facts: Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party Fiann...
Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party
Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtánach
LeaderMicheál Martin
General SecretarySeán Dorgan
ChairmanBrendan Smith
Seanad LeaderLisa Chambers
FounderÉamon de Valera
Founded16 May 1926; 96 years ago (1926-05-16)
Split fromSinn Féin[1]
Headquarters65–66 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2
Youth wingÓgra Fianna Fáil
LGBT wingFianna Fáil LGBTQI+ Network[2]
Membership (2020)18,000[3][needs update]
Political positionCentre[16][17][18] to
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[a]
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupRenew Europe[b]
Colours  Green
"We'll Be There"[22]
Dáil Éireann[23]
36 / 160
Seanad Éireann[24]
21 / 60
European Parliament[25][nb 1]
2 / 13
Local government in the Republic of Ireland[26]
276 / 949

^ a: previously a member of the Alliance for Europe of the Nations (2002–09)
^ b: Member of the EPD group from 1973 to 1984, the EDA group from 1984 to 1995, the UfE group from 1995 to 1999, the UEN group from 1999 to 2009, and the ALDE group from 2009 to 2014.

The party was founded as an Irish republican party on 16 May 1926 by Éamon de Valera and his supporters after they split from Sinn Féin in the aftermath of the Irish Civil War on the issue of abstentionism on taking the Oath of Allegiance to the British Monarchy, which de Valera advocated in order to keep his position as a Teachta Dála (TD) in the Irish parliament, in contrast to his position before the Irish Civil War.[41] Since 1927, Fianna Fáil has been one of Ireland's two major parties, along with Fine Gael since 1933; both are seen as centre-right parties, to the right of the Labour Party and Sinn Féin. The party dominated Irish political life for most of the 20th century, and, since its foundation, either it or Fine Gael has led every government. Between 1932 and 2011, it was the largest party in Dáil Éireann, but latterly with a decline in its vote share; from 1989 onwards, its periods of government were in coalition with parties of either the left or the right.

Fianna Fáil's vote collapsed in the 2011 general election; it emerged in third place, in what was widely seen as a political realignment in the wake of the post-2008 Irish economic downturn.[42] By 2016, it had recovered enough to become the largest opposition party,[43] and it entered a confidence and supply arrangement with a Fine Gael–led minority government.[44] In 2020, after a number of months of political stalemate following the general election, Fianna Fáil agreed with Fine Gael and the Green Party to enter into an unprecedented coalition, with the leaders of Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael rotating between the roles of Taoiseach and Tánaiste.

Fianna Fáil is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[45] and of Liberal International.[46] From February 2019 to September 2022, Fianna Fáil was in partnership with the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland.[47][48]