Council area of Scotland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Fife (/ff/ FYFE, Scottish English: [fɐi̯f]; Scottish Gaelic: Fìobha, IPA: [fiːvə]; Scots: Fife) is a council area, historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries with Perth and Kinross (i.e. the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire) and Clackmannanshire. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland. A person from Fife is known as a Fifer. In older documents the county was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire.

Quick facts: Fife Fìobha, Sovereign state, Country, Li...
Coat of arms of Fife
Official logo of Fife
Coordinates: 56°15′00″N 3°12′00″W
Sovereign stateFlag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
CountryFlag_of_Scotland.svg Scotland
Lieutenancy areaFife
Admin HQGlenrothes (since 1975)
Cupar (until 1975)[1]
  BodyFife Council
  ControlLab (council NOC|Minority Administration)
  Total512 sq mi (1,325 km2)
  RankRanked 13th
  RankRanked 3rd
  Density730/sq mi (280/km2)
ONS codeS12000015
ISO 3166 codeGB-FIF Edit this at Wikidata

Fife is Scotland's third largest local authority area by population. It has a resident population of just under 367,000, over a third of whom live in the three principal settlements, Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy and Glenrothes. On the northeast coast of Fife lies the historic town of St Andrews, home to the University of St Andrews—the most ancient university of Scotland and one of the oldest universities in the world—and the Old Course at St Andrews, considered the world's oldest golf course.