Forbes Burnham

Leader of Guyana from 1964 to 1985 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Forbes Burnham?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham OE (20 February 1923 – 6 August 1985)[1] was a Guyanese politician and the leader of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana from 1964 until his death in 1985. He served as Premier of British Guiana from 1964 to 1966, Prime Minister of Guyana from 1964 to 1980 and then as the first Executive President of Guyana (2nd President overall) from 1980 to 1985.[1] He is often regarded as a strongman[4] who embraced his own version of socialism.[5]

Quick facts: Forbes BurnhamOE, 2nd President of Guyana, Pr...
Forbes Burnham
Burnham in 1966
2nd President of Guyana
In office
6 October 1980  6 August 1985
Prime MinisterPtolemy Reid
Vice President
Preceded byArthur Chung
Succeeded byHugh Desmond Hoyte
1st Prime Minister of Guyana
(British Guiana until 1966)
In office
14 December 1964  6 October 1980
MonarchElizabeth II
PresidentArthur Chung
Preceded byCheddi Jagan
Succeeded byPtolemy Reid
Personal details
Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham[1]

(1923-02-20)20 February 1923[1]
Kitty, Georgetown, Demerara County, British Guiana[1]
Died6 August 1985(1985-08-06) (aged 62)[1]
Georgetown, Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana[1]
Resting placeGuyana Botanical Gardens
Political party
Height1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)[2]
  • Sheila Bernice Lataste
    (m. 1951; div. 1966)
  • (m. 1967)
RelationsJessie Burnham (sister)
Alma materUniversity of London

Educated as a lawyer, Burnham was instrumental in the foundation of two political parties (the People's National Congress and the People's Progressive Party) that would come to dominate the Politics of Guyana.[2] During his time as Head of Government, Guyana moved from being a British colony to being a republic with no constitutional ties to the United Kingdom.[6] His premiership was characterized by the nationalisation of foreign-owned private industries,[1] membership of the Non-Aligned Movement[2] and authoritarian domestic policy.[7][8] Despite being widely regarded as having a significant role in the political, social, and economic development of Guyana,[9][10] his presidency was marred by accusations of Afrocentrism,[11] state-sanctioned violence,[12][13][14] corruption,[7] and electoral fraud.[15]