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Francis J. Higginson
Francis J. Higginson
|Born||July 19, 1843|
|Died||September 12, 1931[note 1] (aged 88)|
Kingston, New York
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1861–1905|
|Other work||Commander-General, Naval Order of the United States, 1917–1925|
Francis John Higginson (July 19, 1843 – September 12, 1931)[note 1] was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War and Spanish–American War. He rose to the rank of rear admiral and was the last commander-in-chief of the North Atlantic Squadron and first commander-in-chief of the North Atlantic Fleet.
Upon his retirement, Higginson and his wife, the former Grace Glenwood Haldane (1854–1938), settled in Grace Higginson's home town, Kingston, New York. He was a leader in Kingston's civic and social life. He also was chairman of the Sampson Memorial Committee, which unveiled the Sampson Memorial Window at the chapel of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, on 16 November 1908 for Rear Admiral Sampson of Spanish–American War fame, who had died in 1902. Higginson was Commander-General of the Naval Order of the United States from 1917 to 1925.
- Some sources list Higginson's date of death as September 12, 1931 and others as September 13, 1931, but a death notice appearing in the September 14, 1931 edition of The Lewiston Daily (see The Lewistin Daily, September 14, 1931) with a dateline of September 13, 1931 states that he had died "yesterday," indicating that he died on 12 September 1931. The confusion regarding his date of death may arise from confusion over whether "yesterday" meant the day before the newspaper was published or the day before the dateline of the obituary.
- Sources disagree on the name of the schooner; according to Hamersly, p. 12, she was named Judith, but the USS Colorado entry in the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships identifies her as Judah.
- Simpson, Brooks D. (2013). The Civil War: The Third Year Told By Those Who Lived It. New York: Literary Classics of the United States. ISBN 978-1-59853-197-8.
- Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships: Colorado (Screw Frigate) I
- Hamersly 1902, pp. 6, 12.
- Rentfrow 2014, pp. 7–8, 25–30, 137, 144.
- Hamersly 1902, p. 13
- Nofi 1996, pp. 67–68, 78–82, 84–89, 187.
- Graham, George Edward, and Winfield Scott Schley, Schley and Santiago, Chicago: W. B. Conkey Company, 1902, pp. 458–460 Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- Naval History and Heritage Command, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Massachusetts IV
- Tucker 2009, p. 284
- American Biographical Directories: District of Columbia, 1908–1909, Washington, D.C.: The Potomac Press, 1908, p. 284.
- Find-A-Grave: Grace Glenwood Haldane Higginson
- Anonymous, "Sampson Memorial Window," The Navy, December 1908, p. 20.
- "navalorder.org Naval Order of the United States: About the Order". Archived from the original on 2015-02-15. Retrieved 2015-02-15.
- Anonymous, "Rear Admiral Higginson, Civil War Hero, Dies," The Lewiston Daily, September 14, 1931.
- Hamersly, Lewis Randolph (1902). The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, Seventh Edition. New York: L. R. Hamersly Co.
- Nofi, Albert A. (1996). The Spanish–American War, 1898. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Combined Books. ISBN 0-938289-57-8. OCLC 33970678.
- Rentfrow, James C. (2014). Home Squadron: The U.S. Navy on the North Atlantic Station. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-61251-447-5.
- Tucker, Spencer C., ed. (2009). The Encyclopedia of the Spanish–American and Philippine–American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO LLC. ISBN 978-1-85109-952-8.
Norman H. Farquhar
| Commander-in-Chief, North Atlantic Squadron
May 1, 1901 – December 29, 1902
| Commander-in-Chief, North Atlantic Fleet
December 29, 1902 – July 1903
Albert S. Barker
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