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A frog (simplified Chinese: 盘扣; traditional Chinese: 盤扣; pinyin: pánkòu, also called huaniu (Chinese: 花纽; pinyin: Huāniǔ; lit. 'flower buttons') or panhuaniu (Chinese: 盘花纽) in China, or frog knots, frogs,: 40 : 253 Chinese frog closures and decorative toggles in English) is a type of ornamental braiding closure made out of cord, consisting of a button (oftentimes a Chinese button knot for a traditional oriental style: 76 ) and a loop; it is used to fasten garments without creating an overlap.: 40 Its purpose is to act as a fastener as well as providing a decorative closure for the garment.: 40 It is especially used on the cheongsam, where the frog represents the cultural essence of the dress.
|Type||Fastening made of fabric|
|Material||Diverse, including silk|
|Place of origin||At least the Song dynasty (960–1279 AD), China|
|Introduced||Asia, Europe, and North America|
|Literal meaning||Flower buttons|
|English||Frogs/ Frog closures/ Frogging/ Decorative toggles|
The frog originated from China and later spread beyond it.: 76 Western military uniforms adopted the decorative fastener, which then began to appear on the civilian clothes of both genders, such as overcoats, spencers, and pelisses.: 40
Frog fasteners are usual to garments of Asian design, such as a shirt or coat with a mandarin collar, which features frog fasteners at the shoulder and down the front of the garment. In the design of a garment, frogging is the use of braided, frog fasteners is a detail of the overall design of the garment.: 253
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