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Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout

Automobile layout / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout (FR) is an automotive design with an engine in front and rear-wheel-drive, connected via a drive shaft. This arrangement, with the engine straddling the front axle, was the traditional automobile layout for most of the 20th century.[1] It is also used in trucks, pickups, and high-floor buses and school buses.

FR layout

The FR layout was largely displaced in the late 20th century by the front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FF) and all-wheel drive (AWD) layouts.