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The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party is the head of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the sole ruling party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Since 1989, the CCP general secretary has been the paramount leader of the PRC.
|General Secretary of the|
Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
|Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party
|Type||Party leader, paramount leader|
|Member of||Politburo Standing Committee|
|Reports to||Central Committee|
|Residence||Qinzheng Hall, Zhongnanhai|
|Term length||Five years, renewable|
|Constituting instrument||Party Constitution|
|Inaugural holder||Chen Duxiu|
|Formation||23 July 1921; 102 years ago (1921-07-23)|
|General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
|Commonly abbreviated as|
According to the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party, the general secretary serves as an ex officio member of the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), China's de facto top decision-making body. The general secretary is also the head of the Secretariat, and sets the agenda of Central Committee, Politburo and PSC meetings. Since the 1990s, the holder of the post has been, except for transitional periods, the president of China, making the holder the head of state, and the chairman of the Central Military Commission, the supreme commander of the People's Liberation Army.
As the top leader of the world's largest economy by GDP purchasing power parity (PPP), the second largest economy by GDP nominal, the largest military in the world by personnel, a recognized nuclear weapons state, U.N. Security Council permanent member, and a potential superpower, the general secretary is considered to be one of the world's most powerful political figures.
The incumbent general secretary is Xi Jinping, who took office on 15 November 2012 and was re-elected twice on 25 October 2017 and 23 October 2022. The last person to rule the country for more than two terms was Mao Zedong, who served as Chairman of the CCP Central Committee from 1945 until his death in 1976.