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Gideon Jacobus Scheepers
|Born||April 4, 1878|
Middelburg, Colony of Transvaal
|Died||January 18, 1902 (aged 23)|
Graaff-Reinet, Cape Colony
Gideon Scheepers (1878–1902) was a Boer military leader, scout and heliographer during the Anglo-Boer War (also known as the South African war). He is remembered for having been executed for war crimes.
Gideon Jacobus Scheepers was born on 4 April 1878 in Middelburg in the Colony of Transvaal. When he turned 16 he trained as a heliographer in the State Artillery. In 1898 he was seconded to the Orange Free State and promoted to sergeant.:pp. 11–12.
He accompanied the Free State commandos to its western border. During the Siege of Kimberley he shot two captured natives (then the polite term) on the grounds that they were allegedly scouts. General Christiaan de Wet used him as a scout and later promoted him to captain in charge of his own reconnaissance corps.:p. 19.
In December 1900 Scheepers was a member of commandant Kritzinger's commando that invaded the Cape Colony.:p. 29. Within eight weeks their ways parted when Kritzinger returned to the Free State.:p. 55. After recruiting many Cape rebels, he was promoted to commandant of 150 men, marauding in the Cape. Kritzinger's commando sabotaged British rail and telegraph lines. They executed blacks accused of spying for the British. They burnt houses, shops and public buildings. In September 1900 Scheepers started getting ill. By 10 October, when they were close to the Prince Albert Road station, he was too ill to stay with his commando and he had to be left behind. The British captured him on 12 October and he was given the necessary medical treatment.:p. 144. By December 1901 he had recovered sufficiently to be taken to the gaol in Graaff-Reinet.:p. 148.
Scheepers faced 16 charges in a court martial: 7 of murder, 1 of attempted murder, 1 that he placed a prisoner in the enemy's line of fire, 1 of maltreatment of a POW, 3 of assault, 2 of malicious injury to property and 1 of arson (15 incidents). 54 witnesses were called to testify for the prosecution. Scheepers appointed his own attorney Carl Auret to defend him.:p. 150.
Scheepers was convicted on all counts except one of the murder charges. He was sentenced to death. On 18 January 1902 he was executed by firing squad, while tied to a chair. He was reburied during the night in an unknown grave, and to this day his place of burial is unknown.
- Gideon Scheepers (1982) - an Afrikaans language movie about Scheepers' trial and execution.
- Taffy & David Shearing, Commandant Scheepers and the search for his grave, published privately in 1999
- "The Karoo's eternal commandant". Retrieved 18 January 2012.
- Louis Creswicke, South Africa and the Transvaal War, volume VII
- Judd, Denis; Surridge, Keith Terrance; Surridge, Keith (2013-03-15). The Boer War: A History. ISBN 9781780765914.
- Johannes Meintjes, Sword in the Sand, Cape Town, Tafelberg,1969, p. 183.
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