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Largest city in Scotland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Glasgow (UK: /ˈɡlɑːzɡ, ˈɡlæz-, ˈɡlɑːs-, ˈɡlæs-/ GLA(H)Z-goh, GLA(H)SS-; Scots: Glesca [ˈɡleskə] or Glesga [ˈɡlezɡə];[6] Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu [ˈkl̪ˠas̪əxu]) is the most populous of the eight cities of Scotland and is the third-most populous city in the United Kingdom, as well as being the 27th largest city by population in Europe.[7] In 2022, it had an estimated population as a defined locality of 632,350 and anchored an urban settlement of 1,028,220. Formed as a county of itself in 1893, the city had previously been in the historic county of Lanarkshire (or Clydesdale) and has also grown to include settlements that were once part of Renfrewshire and Dunbartonshire (or the Lennox). It now forms the Glasgow City Council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and is administered by Glasgow City Council.

Quick facts: Glasgow Glaschu (Scottish Gaelic) ...
Glaschu (Scottish Gaelic)
Glesga (Scots)
Glasgow Tower
Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum
St Andrew's in the Square
OVO Hydro and SEC Auditorium
From top, left to right: Skyline of Glasgow city centre looking over the River Clyde; Glasgow Tower; Kelvingrove Museum; St Andrew's in the Square; the Armadillo Auditorium and the Hydro Arena
"The Dear Green Place", "Baile Mòr nan Gàidheal"[1]
Let Glasgow Flourish
Lord, let Glasgow flourish by the preaching of the word
Glasgow is located in Scotland
Location within Scotland
Glasgow is located in the United Kingdom
Location within the United Kingdom
Glasgow is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 55°51′40″N 04°15′00″W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Council AreaGlasgow City
Lieutenancy AreaGlasgow
Subdivisions23 Wards
FoundedLate-6th century
Burgh Charter1170s[2]
  BodyGlasgow City Council
  Lord ProvostJacqueline McLaren (SNP)
  Council LeaderSusan Aitken (SNP)
  Council area68 sq mi (175 km2)
142.3 sq mi (368.5 km2)
190 sq mi (492 km2)
  Council area635,130[3]
  Rank1st in Scotland, 3rd in UK
  Density9,210/sq mi (3,555/km2)
632,350 (Locality)[4]
1,028,220 (Settlement)[4]
Time zoneUTC±0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
Area code0141
OS grid referenceNS590655
International AirportsGlasgow Airport (GLA)
Glasgow Prestwick Airport (PIK)
Main Railway StationsGlasgow Central
Glasgow Queen Street
Rapid transitGlasgow_Subway.svg Glasgow subway
WebsiteCity website

Glasgow has the largest economy in Scotland and the third-highest GDP per capita of any city in the UK.[8][9] Glasgow's major cultural institutions enjoy international reputations including The Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, Burrell Collection, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Royal Scottish National Orchestra, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Scottish Ballet and Scottish Opera. The city was the European Capital of Culture in 1990 and is notable for its architecture, culture, media, music scene, sports clubs and transport connections. It is the fifth-most visited city in the United Kingdom.[10] The city hosted the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) at its main events venue, the SEC Centre. Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018, and was one of the host cities for UEFA Euro 2020. The city is also well known in the sporting world for football, particularly for the Old Firm rivalry.

Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement close to Glasgow Cathedral and descending to the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, and tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and episcopal burgh (subsequently royal burgh), and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. From the 18th century onwards, the city also grew as one of Britain's main hubs of oceanic trade with North America and the West Indies; soon followed by the Orient, India, and China. With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian and Edwardian eras.[11][12][13][14]

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew rapidly, reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938 (with a higher density and within a smaller territory than in subsequent decades).[15] The population was greatly reduced following comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s which resulted in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns, such as Cumbernauld, Livingston, East Kilbride and peripheral suburbs, followed by successive boundary changes. Over 1,000,000 people live in the Greater Glasgow contiguous urban area, while the wider Glasgow City Region is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population.[4] The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2.

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