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The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed, for excellence in both American and international film and television, by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA), an organization representing international journalists who reported on the American entertainment industry. It is an annual award ceremony held since 1944 to honor artists and professionals and their work.
|Golden Globe Awards|
|Current: 80th Golden Globe Awards|
|Awarded for||Excellence in film and television|
|First awarded||January 20, 1944; 79 years ago (1944-01-20)|
The ceremony is normally held every January, and has been a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards. The eligibility period for the Golden Globes corresponds to the calendar year (from January 1 through December 31). Revenue from the ceremony was used by the HFPA to fund entertainment-related charities and scholarships, such as the Young Artist Awards.
Since the late 1950s, the HFPA has been racked by scandals, including charges that Golden Globe Awards have been bought or bartered. In the 1960s, the revelation that the input of advertisers determined Golden Globe winners and that the HFPA has pressured nominees to attend the televised award ceremony on pain of a winner's award being given to another nominee if the winning party did not show up for the ceremony led to the Golden Globe Awards broadcast being banned from broadcast television from 1969 through 1974.
In 1982 Pia Zadora's husband Meshulam Riklis was criticized in the press for apparently buying the new movie star of the year award for her, for a performance she received devastating reviews for in a movie that had not been released at the time the award was announced, which led CBS to end its contract to broadcast the Golden Globes. Nearly 30 years later, payola allegations rocked the HFPA in the week of the 68th Golden Globe Awards, which were held on January 16, 2011. The HPFA was also buffeted by charges that lobbying by producers and stars had resulted in inappropriate best movie nominations. The poorly reviewed films Burlesque and The Tourist were nominated for Best Motion Comedy or Musical. The producers of Burlesque had flown HFPA members to Las Vegas to a concert by Cher, one of the stars of the film. The Best Comedy or Musical nomination of The Tourist was criticized as the movie was a romantic spy drama and star Angelina Jolie reportedly had personally lobbied HFPA members, resulting in a nomination in a category the film didn't belong in.
The HFPA has been criticized for the small size of its membership, the quality of the members, its exclusion of serious cinema journalists, and their closeness to the movie industry and stars, and for seemingly doling out nominations if not wins to studios, production companies and stars who wooed HFPA members with gifts, press junkets and personal attention.
In the 2020s, the HFPA began to face criticism for the ethical standards of its operations—including allegations that the organization lacked accountability, and that there was a lack of Black representation among its members. Calls for reform in response to these issues resulted in the 79th Golden Globe Awards being boycotted by its broadcaster and other production companies; as a result, the ceremony was held as a non-televised, private event. A televised ceremony returned the following year.
In June 2022, the HFPA approved a reorganization, under which the Golden Globe Awards' assets and intellectual property would be sold to Todd Boehly's holding company Eldridge Industries, and that a new non-profit would be formed to continue carrying out the HFPA's charitable activities. The transition of the Golden Globes to a for-profit event was finalized the following year, with the ceremony's assets being acquired by the Eldridge-owned Dick Clark Productions (which has produced the Golden Globes telecast since 1993), and the Golden Globes Foundation being established as a successor to the HFPA.