Google Books

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Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search, Google Print, and by its code-name Project Ocean)[1] is a service from Google that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.[2] Books are provided either by publishers and authors through the Google Books Partner Program, or by Google's library partners through the Library Project.[3] Additionally, Google has partnered with a number of magazine publishers to digitize their archives.[4][5]

Quick facts: Type of site, Owner, URL, Launched, Current&n...
Google Books
Type of site
Digital library
LaunchedOctober 2004; 19 years ago (2004-10) (as Google Print)
Current statusActive

The Publisher Program was first known as Google Print when it was introduced at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004. The Google Books Library Project, which scans works in the collections of library partners and adds them to the digital inventory, was announced in December 2004.

The Google Books initiative has been hailed for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online body of human knowledge[6][7] and promoting the democratization of knowledge.[8] However, it has also been criticized for potential copyright violations,[8][9] and lack of editing to correct the many errors introduced into the scanned texts by the OCR process.

As of October 2019, Google celebrated 15 years of Google Books and provided the number of scanned books as more than 40 million titles.[10] Google estimated in 2010 that there were about 130 million distinct titles in the world,[11][12] and stated that it intended to scan all of them.[11] However, the scanning process in American academic libraries has slowed since the 2000s.[13][14] Google Book's scanning efforts have been subject to litigation, including Authors Guild v. Google, a class-action lawsuit in the United States, decided in Google's favor (see below). This was a major case that came close to changing copyright practices for orphan works in the United States.[15] A 2023 study by scholars from the University of California, Berkeley and Northeastern University's business schools found that Google Books's digitization of books has led to increased sales for the physical versions of the books.[16]

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