Greenland ice core project

Project to drill through Greenland ice sheet / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) was a research project organised through the European Science Foundation (ESF).[1] The project ran from 1989 to 1995, with drilling seasons from 1990 to 1992.[2] In 1988, the project was accepted as an ESF-associated program, and in the summer of 1989, the fieldwork was started in Greenland.[3]

View of the GRIP site at Summit Camp

GRIP aimed to collect and investigate 3000-metre-long ice cores drilled at the apex of the Greenland ice sheet, also known as Summit Camp.[2] The Greenland ice sheet comprises more than 90% of the total ice sheet and glacier ice outside Antarctica.

The project was managed by a Steering Committee of the University of Bern's Physics Institute, chaired by Professor Bernhard Stauffer.[4] Funding came from eight European nations (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom), and from the European Union.[4][3] Studies of nuclear isotopes and various atmospheric constituents provided by the cores allowed the team to construct detailed records of climate change. The records cover the last 100,000 years.