From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Directed by||Roger Corman|
|Written by||Charles B. Griffith|
|Produced by||Roger Corman|
|Cinematography||Frederick E. West|
|Edited by||Charles Gross|
|Music by||Ronald Stein|
|Distributed by||American Releasing Corporation|
Gunslinger is a 1956 American western film starring Beverly Garland as Rose Hood, the widow of a slain town marshal who inherits his job. Directed by Roger Corman from a screenplay by Mark Hanna and Charles B. Griffith, the film, shot in colour, also features Allison Hayes as Erica Page, the owner of a saloon, who hires a gunslinger assassin (John Ireland) to kill Rose.
The film began production in February 1956, as director Corman wanted to shoot one final film in six days before a change in union contracts meant that actors were limited to working only five days a week. Filming of Gunslinger was marred by several inconveniences; rain caused the filming location to become muddy, and the two lead actresses were both injured on set. Eventually, Gunslinger was released to mixed reviews, and, in 1993, was featured in a fifth-season episode of the film-mocking comedy television series Mystery Science Theater 3000.
After her husband Scott (William Schallert), the marshal of Oracle, Texas, is killed by two assailants, his widow Rose (Beverly Garland) is named temporary marshal. That night, Rose asks Erica Page (Allison Hayes) to close her saloon at 3 AM in accordance with town regulations, but Erica insists her saloon is open for business 24 hours. The women fight, but eventually Erica, who loses the fight, closes for the night. After Rose exits, Erica tells lackey Jake (Jonathan Haze) to hire a killer, which he does, finding a man named Cane Miro (John Ireland). As Cane enters town, Rose shoots at him, mistaking him for a man she has been searching out. She apologizes. Cane tells Rose that he has come to Oracle to see town mayor Gideon Polk (Martin Kingsley).
Cane enters Erica's saloon, where Polk has been telling her that she has overextended herself by buying property along a proposed railroad track. Cane confronts Polk until Erica requests he stop. Erica reveals that Rose is the woman whom she paid Cane to kill; however, if the proposed railroad track is a success, she admits that Rose may not have to die.
Rose follows Cane as he exits town. When he stops to let her catch up, they talk and eventually kiss. Jake watches and reports to Erica, who becomes irate. She demands he kill Rose immediately. Cane reminds her that they cannot change the deal they made.
Cane later explains to Rose that Polk had been his commander of an artillery battery at a battle which could have been a victory but that Polk panicked and ran, depressing his men, with those who didn't desert their positions being decimated, including Cane's brothers, or captured like Cane himself. Rose makes Cane promise not to harm Polk, but still has Polk placed in protective custody.
Cane becomes intoxicated. Erica enters his room, and Jake, who has been spying, sees the two kiss, but leaves before he sees Cane reject Erica. An embarrassed Erica orders Cane to kill Rose no matter what. When she returns to her saloon, Jake slaps her. Jake goes to Rose's office and tells her everything he knows. Back at the saloon, Jake draws a gun on Cane, who kills him. Rose does not arrest him as Erica claims it was self-defense.
After receiving a letter from the Pony Express, informing her that the railroad will not be built, Erica rides into town, intending to have Cane kill Rose. Deputy Joshua Tate (Chris Alcaide) is killed when he confronts them. Cane goes after Polk, killing his wife when she shields him. Cane then shoots and kills Polk. Rose enters town and Erica aims at her, but Erica is shot by Cane before she can pull the trigger. Rose and Cane exchange fire. After he is shot, Cane asks if Rose loved him, and she replies that she did. Cane's wound is fatal, and Rose rides out of Oracle, declaring she will never come back.
- Beverly Garland ... Marshal Rose Hood
- John Ireland ... Cane Miro
- Allison Hayes ... Erica Page
- Martin Kingsley ... Mayor Gideon Polk
- Jonathan Haze ... Jake Hayes
- Margaret Campbell ... Felicity Polk
- Bruno VeSota ... Zebelon Tabb
- Chris Alcaide ... Deputy Joshua Tate
- Dick Miller ... Jimmy Tonto
- William Schallert ... Marshal Scott Hood
- Kermit Maynard ... Barfly
Gunslinger's screenplay was written by Mark Hanna and Charles B. Griffith, from an idea by Corman, who proposed a Western film where a sheriff is murdered while on duty, and the sheriff's widow inherits the job. Griffith was hired when Jonathan Haze showed several of Griffith's screenplays to Corman, with Corman being impressed enough to hire him.
Griffith had written two Westerns for Corman which had not been made. "He took me out to see Three Hours to Kill [Alfred L. Werker, 1954] with Dana Andrews and said to me, 'I want you to do the same picture but with a woman as the sheriff'", said Griffith.
Corman later said, "I'm weary of prepackaged formulas, and when you try out a new idea, you necessarily think about shooting a hackneyed scene in a funny way without resorting to parody. This wasn't a parody, it was 'Good God, how can I find a different sort of gunslinger?' Right away, I thought of a woman gunslinger, and the idea for the script came to me all of a sudden. It was the sheriff's wife. He's killed and she takes over for her husband. It was logical when it wasn't, but that was enough for a six-or seven-day western."
It was originally known as The Yellow Rose of Texas.
Gunslinger began production on 22 January 1956, as the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and the film studios renegotiated for a five-day work week instead of six. Director Roger Corman decided to film a low-budget Western in six days before the new contract took effect, with Gene Corman providing half of the financing. Shot at the Jack Ingram Western Movie Ranch in Topanga, California, it rained for five days during the shoot. Corman had to go over schedule, taking seven days instead of six, which he recounted as the only time he had ever done so. The rain made the area muddy, causing trucks, cameras, and lighting equipment to sink. When the crew left the set, Corman did not hire a guard, telling the film's assistant director that "anyone who'd come out here, steal the equipment, and carry it through this mud is welcome to get it."
Due to the quick shooting schedule, the rain forced several exterior scenes to be re-written to be shot inside. Other scenes were shot with a large tarp draped over the actors. Due to the fact that the rainfall was audible in the background, Corman used the film's score and an assortment of sound effects to drown out the noise. The first scene shot was Beverly Garland and John Ireland's love scene in a tree. The tree was home to a colony of red ants, who crawled all over the actors and repeatedly bit them.
Actors were injured several times on set. One day, Allison Hayes' horse slipped in the mud, causing her to fall off. Hayes broke her arm. While the crew waited for an ambulance to arrive, Corman shot a reel of close-ups of Hayes looking left and right, with the intent of splicing them in to the final cut while using a double to shoot other scenes. When shooting wrapped, the crew all signed Hayes' orthopedic cast.
In another instance, a scene called for Garland to exit the saloon, jump on a horse, and ride out of town. When the scene was shot, Garland jumped over the horse instead of on it, so the scene had to be shot again. During the second take, she twisted her ankle running down the stairs in the saloon, but continued the scene. When Garland returned home, she thought it would feel good to put her ankle in a warm bath and did. She left it there for about an hour, but when she took it out, she found that it had swollen to twice its normal size. When she returned to the set, Corman said, "Well, we have to start shooting." In order to fit her ankle into her boot, the crew cut the back of it and taped it to her foot. Garland was unable to walk for nearly a week after Gunslinger finished shooting, writing that "I had screwed up my ankle so bad!"
While Corman described the production of Gunslinger as "one of the worst experiences of my life" and Hayes wanted to leave the film during shooting, Garland considered Rose Hood one of her favorite roles, noting that:
I think I was the first woman to play a marshal in a movie western. Roger would often cast against type in those days. I could never resist a plum role like a lady marshal in a genre that would never have considered such a gender reversal like that before. However, working with Roger was always an adventure and this film was no exception.
Corman later said
My Texas distributor arrived in the city where I was filming and asked me how it was going. I told him that I thought that it was good but that there was too much violence and passion, and he answered, "Roger, I’ve been in this business for forty years, and you’ve been in it for just two. Let me tell you that no one has ever made a film with too much passion and violence." So I pressed on. Everyone was dying. At the end of the film half of the city was dead.
Released in October 1956, Gunslinger has received mixed reviews from critics.
The Hollywood Reporter called it "quite a startling Western" and praised the two lead actresses, saying "Miss Garland and Hayes are good as the feuding ladies from different sides of the tracks."
VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever praised Gunslinger for being a "unique western with a surprise ending." In The Encyclopedia of Western Movies, Gunslinger was praised for exploring the potential of a woman gunfighter, and that it was "the most assured of Corman's quartet of Westerns." In his book Western Movies: A Guide to 5,105 Feature Films, Michael R. Pitts said that it was an "early six day Roger Corman cheapie that is rather appealing."
Adversely, Bill Gibron, writing for DVD Verdict, gave Gunslinger a negative review, writing, "Roger Corman was responsible for a lot of smoldering cinematic cowflops over the course of his economically sound career, but Gunslinger has got to be one of the most overripe and ridiculous." While he stated that "Beverly Garland, who plays our dispassionate Rose, and John Ireland, as the cool and callous Cane Myro, are decent enough", he wrote that "there isn't much to recommend in this movie", saying that "there's too much unresolved intrigue, too many easy answers to rotten questions, to make heads or tails of what is supposed to matter." TV Guide gave Gunslinger two stars, and said that "it's a strange little Corman film, made before he went wholeheartedly for horror films, and this too has a semi-sense of the strange." Film reviewer Leonard Maltin gave Gunslinger one star and a half.
Gunslinger was released on DVD by Optimum Home Entertainment on September 15, 2008, as part of Roger Corman: The Collection, which included five other Corman-directed films: Five Guns West, The Haunted Palace, The Premature Burial, The Masque of Red Death and Wild Angels. The Mystery Science Theater 3000 episode featuring Gunslinger has been released twice: once as part of Rhino Home Video's Mystery Science Theater 3000 Collection, Volume 6 which included three other episodes from the series, and once by Shout! Factory as a standalone disc.
Gunslinger was featured in a fifth-season episode of Mystery Science Theater 3000, a comedy television series. The show features a human and his robot creations watching bad films while providing a running commentary which mocks it. Gunslinger was the eleventh episode of the fifth season, which was broadcast on Comedy Central on October 9, 1993. Gunslinger was the penultimate episode for series creator and host Joel Hodgson, who left the show at the end of the next episode, Mitchell.
Actor and writer Kevin Murphy, who provides the voice and puppetry of Tom Servo in the series, spoke disparagingly about the film in the book Mystery Science Theater 3000: The Amazing Colossal Episode Guide, writing, "One of my darkest fears is that I'll one day make my own film, my story, my direction, my own crystalline vision of something so universal, it must needs be shared with the world on the silver screen. And I make the movie, and it turns out like Gunslinger, or any other Corman film—turgid, insipid, clichéd, confusing, every opportunity for artistic expression intentionally ignored."
- Del Vecchio 2012, p. 210.
- Pitts 2012, p. 140.
- Corman 1998, p. 34.
- Palmer 2009, p. 58.
- Aaron W. Graham, 'Little Shop of Genres: An interview with Charles B. Griffith', Senses of Cinema, 15 April, 2005 accessed 25 June 2012
- Nasr, Constantine (2011). Roger Corman: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers Series). University Press of Mississippi. p. 10.
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 16, 1956). "Drama: 'Don Quixote' Projects Mushroom; O'Shea Sets Budget of $22,500,000". Los Angeles Times. p. B11.
- "Hollywood Production Pulse". Variety. 1 February 1956. p. 13.
- Gary A. Smith, American International Pictures: The Golden Years, Bear Manor Media 2014 p 31
- Corman 1998, p. 35.
- Jack Ingram Western Movie Ranch
- Del Vecchio 2012, p. 47.
- Naha 1982, p. 108.
- Weaver 2006, p. 158.
- Verswijver 2003, p. 30.
- Weaver 2006, p. 156.
- Nasr, Constantine (2011). Roger Corman: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers Series). University Press of Mississippi. p. 9–10.
- Review of film at Variety
- Craddock 2006, p. 377.
- Hardy 1983, p. 117.
- Hardy 1983, p. 250.
- Gibron, Bill. "DVD Verdict Review – Mystery Science Theater 3000 Collection, Volume 6". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Gunslinger Review". TV Guide. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Maltin 1995, p. 528.
- Foster, Dave. "Roger Corman Collection (R2) in September". The Digital Fix. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Shaffer, R. L. "Mystery Science Theater 3000: Gunslinger DVD Review". IGN. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Mystery Science Theater 3000 Episodes". TV Guide. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Murphy 1996, p. 96.
- Corman, Roger (1998). How I Made a Hundred Movies in Hollywood and Never Lost a Dime. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306808749.
- Craddock, Jim (2006). VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever. Gale Group. ISBN 0787689807.
- Del Vecchio, Deborah (2012). Beverly Garland: Her Life and Career. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786465019.
- Hardy, Phil (1983). The Encyclopedia of Western Movies. Octopus. ISBN 0706425553.
- Maltin, Leonard (1995). Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide. Plume.
- Murphy, Kevin (1996). The Mystery Science Theater 3000 Amazing Colossal Episode Guide. Bantam Books. ISBN 0553377833.
- Naha, Ed (1982). The Films of Roger Corman: Brilliance on a Budget. Arco Publishing. ISBN 0668053089.
- Palmer, Randy (2009). Paul Blaisdell, Monster Maker: A Biography of the B Movie Makeup and Special Effects Artist. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786440993.
- Pitts, Michael (2012). Western Movies: A Guide to 5,105 Feature Films. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786463725.
- Verswijver, Leo (2003). "Movies Were Always Magical": Interviews with 19 Actors, Directors, and Producers from the Hollywood of the 1930s Through the 1950s. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786411295.
- Weaver, Tom (2006). Interviews with B Science Fiction and Horror Movie Makers: Writers, Producers, Directors, Actors, Moguls, and Makeup. ISBN 0786428589.
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