Gurgaon

City in Haryana, India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Gurgaon (Hindi: [ɡʊɽɡãːw]), officially named Gurugram [ɡʊɾʊɡɾaːm], is a planned city located in the northern Indian state of Haryana. It is situated near the DelhiHaryana border, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of the national capital New Delhi and 268 km (167 mi) south of Chandigarh, the state capital.[6] It is one of the major satellite cities of Delhi and is part of the National Capital Region of India.[7] As of 2011, Gurgaon had a population of 1,153,000.[2][4]

Quick facts: Gurgaon, Country, State, District, Government...
Gurgaon
Gurugram
from top, left to right: Gateway Towers, Kingdom of Dreams, DLF CyberCity, Gurgaon city Skyline along with the Rapid Metro
Nickname: 
Millennium city
Gurgaon
Location of Gurgaon in Haryana
Gurgaon
Gurgaon (India)
Coordinates: 28°27′22″N 77°01′44″E
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DistrictGurgaon district
Government
  BodyMunicipal Corporation of Gurugram[1]
  MayorMadhu Azad
  MLASudhir Singla (BJP)
  Lok Sabha constituencyGurgaon Lok Sabha Constituency
  Vidhan Sabha constituencyGurgaon City
  Planning agencyGurugram Metropolitan Development Authority
Area
  Total732.0 km2 (282.6 sq mi)
Elevation
217 m (711.9 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3][4]
  Total1,153,000
  Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Languages
  OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
122xxx
Area code0124
Vehicle registrationHR-26 (City)
HR-55 (Commercial)
HR-72 (Sohna )
HR-76 Pataudi (Gurgaon)
HDI (2017) 0.889[5] very high
Websitegurugram.gov.in
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Gurgaon is India's second largest information technology hub and third largest financial and banking hub.[8][9] Gurgaon is also home to India's largest medical tourism industry.[10] Despite being India's 56th largest city in terms of population, Gurgaon is the 8th largest city in the country in terms of total wealth.[11] Gurgaon serves as the headquarters of many of India's largest companies, is home to thousands of startup companies and has local offices for more than 250 Fortune 500 companies.[12] It accounts for almost 70% of the total annual economic investments in Haryana state, which has helped it become a leading hub for high-tech industry in northern India.[13] Gurgaon is categorised as very high on the Human Development Index, with an HDI of 0.889 (2017).[14]

Gurgaon's economic growth started in the 1970s when Maruti Suzuki India Limited established a manufacturing plant and gathered pace after General Electric established its business outsourcing operations in the city in collaboration with real-estate firm DLF.[15][16] New Gurgaon, Manesar and Sohna serve as adjoining manufacturing and upcoming real estate hubs for Gurgaon. Despite rapid economic and population growth, Gurgaon continues to battle socio-economic issues, such as high-income inequality and high air pollution.[17][18] It also has a flood problem due to the limited drainage capacity.[19]