Version 2 of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol used by the World Wide Web / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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HTTP/2 (originally named HTTP/2.0) is a major revision of the HTTP network protocol used by the World Wide Web. It was derived from the earlier experimental SPDY protocol, originally developed by Google.[1][2] HTTP/2 was developed by the HTTP Working Group (also called httpbis, where "bis" means "twice") of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).[3][4][5] HTTP/2 is the first new version of HTTP since HTTP/1.1, which was standardized in RFC 2068 in 1997. The Working Group presented HTTP/2 to the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) for consideration as a Proposed Standard in December 2014,[6][7] and IESG approved it to publish as Proposed Standard on February 17, 2015 (and was updated in February 2020 in regard to TLS 1.3).[8][9] The HTTP/2 specification was published as RFC 7540 on May 14, 2015.[10]

Quick facts: International standard, Developed by, Introdu...
International standardRFC 7540
Developed byIETF
IntroducedMay 14, 2015; 8 years ago (2015-05-14)

The standardization effort was supported by Chrome, Opera, Firefox,[11] Internet Explorer 11, Safari, Amazon Silk, and Edge browsers.[12] Most major browsers had added HTTP/2 support by the end of 2015.[13] About 97% of web browsers used have the capability (and 100% of "tracked desktop" web browsers).[13] As of July 2023, 36% (after topping out at just over 50%) of the top 10 million websites support HTTP/2.[14]

Its successor is HTTP/3, a major revision that builds on the concepts established by HTTP/2.[2][15][13][16]

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