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Malnutrition rates in children have reduced but in 2013 still stood at 51%.
The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for East Timor was 370. This compares with 928.6 in 2008 and 1016.3 in 1990. The under-5 mortality rate per 1,000 births is 60 and the neonatal mortality rate per 1,000 live births is 27. The number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 8 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women is 1 in 44.
The country has one of the highest smoking rates in the world, with 33% of the population, including 61% of men, smoking daily.
In 2013 only three deaths from malaria were recorded, and achievement recognized by the World Health Organization.
Government expenditure on health was US$150 per person in 2006. There were only two hospitals and 14 village healthcare facilities in 1974. By 1994, there were 11 hospitals and 330 healthcare centres.
Sergio Lobo, a surgeon is the Health Minister. He says that “Many of the health-related issues are outside the competence of the Minister of Health.” Since independence the country has established a medical school, a nursing school, and a midwifery school. There is no MRI scanner in the country.
- "Human Development Report 2009 – Timor-Leste". Hdrstats.undp.org. Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- "Timor-Leste" (PDF). United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "The State Of The World's Midwifery". United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- The country where nearly two-thirds of men smoke, BBC News, Peter Taylor, 4 June 2014
- Robinson, G. If you leave us here, we will die, Princeton University Press 2010, p. 72.
- "East Timor striving for universal access to health care". Lancet. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
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