City and Municipality in Limburg, Netherlands / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Heerlen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦeːrlə(n)] (listen); Limburgish: Heële [ˈɦeə˦lə]) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands. It is the third largest settlement proper in the province of Limburg. Measured as municipality, it is the fourth municipality in the province of Limburg.
City and Municipality
|Coordinates: 50°53′N 5°59′E|
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Acting Mayor||Roel Wever (VVD)|
|• Municipality||45.53 km2 (17.58 sq mi)|
|• Land||44.94 km2 (17.35 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi)|
|Elevation||113 m (371 ft)|
|• Density||1,934/km2 (5,010/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Heerlen forms part of the city-region of Parkstad Limburg, an agglomeration with about 250,000 inhabitants and encompassing 8 municipalities. It is to the east of Maastricht and north of the German city of Aachen.
After its early Roman beginnings and a modest medieval period, Heerlen became a centre for the coal mining industry in the Netherlands in the late 19th century. In the 20th century, architect Frits Peutz played a major role in shaping the city as we know it today. His most famous design, and a distinctive building in the city centre, is the so-called Glaspaleis (Glass Palace), listed as one of the world's thousand most architecturally important buildings of the 20th century.