Help:IPA/Latin

Wikipedia key to pronunciation of Latin / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Classical Latin and Ecclesiastical Latin pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Latin phonology and orthography and Latin regional pronunciation for a more thorough look at the sounds of Latin.

Table info: Consonants[1], IPA, Latin alphabet, Examples,...
Consonants[1]
IPALatin
alphabet
ExamplesEnglish approximation
Class.Eccl.
b b bellum bean
d d decem deck
dz z[2] zēlus adds
g[3] gēns giant
f f faciō fan
ɡ g gravis gear
h h[4] habeō her or hour
j i[5] j[5] jūvo yes
k c, k caput scar
ch[2] charta car
qu[6] quattuor squash
kᶣ quī (French) cuisine
l l lītus leave
ɫ l[7] multus all
m m[8] manus man
n n[8] noster next
ŋ longus[9] song
g ignis[9]
ɲ gn ignis[9] onion
p p pāx span
ph[2] pharetra pan
r r regiō trilled or tapped r
s s[10] sum between sip and ship (retracted)
ʃ sc[3] scindō ship
t t tabula stone
th[2] thalamus tone
ts t[3] port Botswana
c[3] centum change
w u[5] uerbum west
v v[5] vest
z z[2] zēlus between zone and genre (retracted)
s[10] miserēre
Vowels[11]
IPALatin
alphabet
ExamplesEnglish approximation
Class.Eccl.
a a anima pasta
ā ācer, āctus father
ɛ e est met
e ae/æ
oe/œ
e
ē ēlēctus Scottish made
ɪ i incipit mit
i i
y
īra, mīlle mead
ī
ɔ o omnis off
o o
ō ōrdō RP or Australian law
ʊ u urbs put
u u lūna cool
ū
ʏ y[2] cyclus Scottish cute
ȳ[2] cȳma Scottish cued
Vowels that precede vowels[12]
e eV mea Scottish mate
i iV Italia peace
Diphthongs
ae̯ ae caelum sigh
oe̯ oe poena boy
au̯ au aurum cow
ei̯ ei mei say
eu̯ eu deus no English equivalent; Spanish euro
ui̯ ui cui ruin
Nasal vowels[8]
◌̃ː um
un
mōnstrum long nasal vowels
Prosody
IPAExamplesExplanation
ˈ Gāius
[ˈɡaː.i.ʊs]
stress (placed before the stressed syllable)[13]
. syllable marker, generally between vowels in hiatus[14]
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