Wikipedia key to pronunciation of Spanish / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Spanish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

For terms that are more relevant to regions that have not undergone yeísmo (where words such as haya and halla are pronounced differently), words spelled with ll can be transcribed in IPA with ʎ. This unmerged pronunciation predominates in the Andes, lowland Bolivia, Paraguay, some rural regions of Spain and some of northern Spain's urban upper class.[1]

For terms that are more relevant to regions that have seseo (where words such as caza and casa are pronounced the same), words spelled with z or c (the latter only before i or e) can be transcribed in IPA with s. This pronunciation is most commonly found outside mainland Spain.

In all other cases, if a local pronunciation is made, it should be labeled as "local" (e.g. {{IPA|es|...|local}}).

See Spanish phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Spanish, and Spanish dialects and varieties for regional variation.

Table info: Consonants, IPA, Examples, English approximat...
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
b[2] bestia, embuste, vaca, envidia about
β bebé, viva, curva, obtuso, fútbol, apto[3] about, but without lips completely closed
d[2] dedo, cuando, aldaba today
ð diva, arder, admirar, atmósfera,[3] juventud this
f fase, afgano[4] face
ɡ[2] gato, guerra, lengua again
ɣ trigo, amargo, signo, doctor[3] again, but without the tongue touching the roof of the mouth
ʝ[2][5] ayuno you
ɟʝ[2][5] yermo, cónyuge jeep
k caña, quise, kilo scan
l lino lean
m[6] madre, campo mother
ɱ[6] anfibio comfort
n[6] nido, sin, álbum need
ɲ[6] ñandú, cónyuge canyon
ŋ[6] cinco, tengo sing
p pozo spouse
r[7] rumbo, carro, honra, subrayar trilled r
ɾ[7] caro, bravo, partir atom (with flapping)
s[8][9][4] saco, espita, xenón between sip and ship (retracted) (EU), sip (LA)
θ[8][9][4] s[9][4] cereal, zorro, jazmín, juzgar thing (EU), sip (LA)
ʃ[10] show, Rocher, Freixenet shack
t tamiz stand
chubasco choose
x[11] jamón, general, México,[12] hámster[13] Scottish loch
ʎ[2][5] llave million
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
a mal father
e es berry
i di, y see
o sol more
u su food
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
j ciudad, rey yet
w[15] cuatro, Huila, auto wine
Stress and syllabification
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
ˈ ciudad [θjuˈðað] domain
. o [ˈmi.o] Leo