Henry VII of England

King of England from 1485 to 1509 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Henry VII (28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death in 1509. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.[lower-alpha 1]

Quick facts: Henry VII, King of England (more...) , Reign,...
Henry VII
Henry holding a rose and wearing the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, painted by an unknown Netherlandish artist, 1505
King of England
Reign22 August 1485 – 21 April 1509
Coronation30 October 1485
PredecessorRichard III
SuccessorHenry VIII
BornHenry Tudor, Earl of Richmond
28 January 1457
Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Died21 April 1509 (aged 52)
Richmond Palace, Surrey, England
Burial11 May 1509
Westminster Abbey, London, England
(m. 1486; died 1503)
FatherEdmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
MotherLady Margaret Beaufort
SignatureHenry VII's signature

Henry's mother, Margaret Beaufort, was a descendant of John of Gaunt, founder of the House of Lancaster and son of King Edward III. Henry's father, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, a half-brother of Henry VI of England and a member of the Welsh Tudors of Penmynydd, died three months before his son Henry was born. During Henry's early years, his uncle Henry VI was fighting against Edward IV, a member of the Yorkist branch of the House of Plantagenet. After Edward retook the throne in 1471, Henry Tudor spent 14 years in exile in Brittany. He attained the throne when his forces, supported by France, Scotland, and Wales, defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the culmination of the Wars of the Roses. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. He cemented his claim by marrying Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV.

Henry restored power and stability to the English monarchy following the civil war. He is credited with many administrative, economic and diplomatic initiatives. His supportive policy toward England's wool industry and his standoff with the Low Countries had long-lasting benefits to the English economy. He paid very close attention to detail, and instead of spending lavishly he concentrated on raising new revenues. He stabilised the government's finances by introducing several new taxes. After his death, a commission found widespread abuses in the tax collection process. Henry reigned for nearly 24 years and was peacefully succeeded by his son, Henry VIII.

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