Hermann Weyl

German mathematician (1885–1955) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, ForMemRS[2] (German: [vaɪl]; 9 November 1885 – 8 December 1955) was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist, logician and philosopher. Although much of his working life was spent in Zürich, Switzerland, and then Princeton, New Jersey, he is associated with the University of Göttingen tradition of mathematics, represented by Carl Friedrich Gauss, David Hilbert and Hermann Minkowski.

Quick facts: Hermann Weyl, Born, Died, Alma mater, Kn...
Hermann Weyl
Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

(1885-11-09)9 November 1885
Died8 December 1955(1955-12-08) (aged 70)
Alma materUniversity of Munich
University of Göttingen
Known forList of topics named after Hermann Weyl
Ontic structural realism[1]
SpousesFriederike Bertha Helene Joseph (nickname "Hella") (1893–1948)
Ellen Bär (née Lohnstein) (1902–1988)
ChildrenFritz Joachim Weyl (1915–1977)
Michael Weyl (1917–2011)
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society[2]
Lobachevsky Prize (1927)
Gibbs Lecture (1948)
Scientific career
FieldsPure mathematics, Mathematical physics, Foundations of Mathematics
InstitutionsInstitute for Advanced Study
University of Göttingen
ETH Zürich
ThesisSinguläre Integralgleichungen mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Fourierschen Integraltheorems (1908)
Doctoral advisorDavid Hilbert[3]
Doctoral students
Other notable studentsSaunders Mac Lane

His research has had major significance for theoretical physics as well as purely mathematical disciplines such as number theory. He was one of the most influential mathematicians of the twentieth century, and an important member of the Institute for Advanced Study during its early years.[4][5]

Weyl contributed to an exceptionally[6] wide range of mathematical fields, including works on space, time, matter, philosophy, logic, symmetry and the history of mathematics. He was one of the first to conceive of combining general relativity with the laws of electromagnetism. Freeman Dyson wrote that Weyl alone bore comparison with the "last great universal mathematicians of the nineteenth century", Poincaré and Hilbert.[6] Michael Atiyah, in particular, has commented that whenever he examined a mathematical topic, he found that Weyl had preceded him.[7]

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