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Indian elephant

The most widespread subspecies of Asian elephant / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of four[citation needed] extant recognised subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.[3]

Quick facts: Indian elephant Temporal range Pleistocene –...
Indian elephant
Temporal range: Pleistocene – Recent[1]
Tusked male in Bandipur National Park
Female in Nagarhole National Park

Endangered  (IUCN 3.1)[2] (Elephas maximus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Elephas
E. m. indicus
Trinomial name
Elephas maximus indicus
Cuvier, 1798

E. m. bengalensis de Blainville, 1843


Since 1986, the Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List as the wild population has declined by at least 50% since the 1930s to 1940s, i.e. three elephant generations. The Asian elephant is threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.[2]