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Indian elephant

The most widespread subspecies of Asian elephant / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of four[citation needed] extant recognised subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.[3]

Quick facts: Indian elephant Temporal range Pleistocene –...
Indian elephant
Temporal range: Pleistocene – Recent[1]
Tusked male in Bandipur National Park
Female in Nagarhole National Park

Endangered  (IUCN 3.1)[2] (Elephas maximus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Elephas
Species:
Subspecies:
E. m. indicus
Trinomial name
Elephas maximus indicus
Cuvier, 1798
Synonyms

E. m. bengalensis de Blainville, 1843

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Since 1986, the Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List as the wild population has declined by at least 50% since the 1930s to 1940s, i.e. three elephant generations. The Asian elephant is threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.[2]