Indo-Parthian Kingdom

19–226 CE kingdom in northwestern South Asia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was a Parthian kingdom founded by Gondophares, and active from 19 CE to c. 226 CE. At their zenith, they ruled an area covering parts of eastern Iran, various parts of Afghanistan and the northwest regions of the Indian subcontinent (most of modern Pakistan and parts of northwestern India). The rulers may have been members of the House of Suren, and the kingdom has even been called the "Suren Kingdom" by some authors.[2]

Quick facts: Indo-Parthian Kingdom, Capital, Common l...
Indo-Parthian Kingdom
19 CE–226 CE
Indo-Parthian Kingdom at its maximum extent, circa 40 CE, and neighbouring South Asian polities.[1]
Common languagesAramaic
Pali (Kharoshthi script)
Sanskrit, Prakrit (Brahmi script) Parthian
Gondophares I (first)
Farn-Sasan (last)
Historical eraAntiquity
19 CE
226 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Parthian Empire
Blank.png Indo-Greek Kingdom
Blank.png Indo-Scythians
Blank.png Northern Satraps
Paratarajas Blank.png
Kushan Empire Blank.png
Sasanian Empire Blank.png

The kingdom was founded in 19/20 when the governor of Drangiana (Sakastan) Gondophares[3] declared independence from the Parthian Empire. He would later make expeditions to the east, conquering territory from the Indo-Scythians and Indo-Greeks, thus transforming his kingdom into an empire.[lower-alpha 1][5] The domains of the Indo-Parthians were greatly reduced following the invasions of the Kushans in the second half of the 1st. century. They managed to retain control of Sakastan, until its conquest by the Sasanian Empire in c. 224/5.[6] In Baluchistan, the Paratarajas, a local Indo-Parthian dynasty, fell into the orbit of the Sasanian Empire circa 262 CE.[7]

The Indo-Parthians are noted for the construction of the Buddhist monastery Takht-i-Bahi (UNESCO World Heritage Site) in Mardan, Pakistan.

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