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Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

1990 Iraqi military invasion of the State of Kuwait / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait was an operation conducted by Iraq on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighboring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.[17] The invasion and Iraq's subsequent refusal to withdraw from Kuwait by a deadline mandated by the United Nations[18] led to a direct military intervention by a United Nations-authorized coalition of forces led by the United States. These events came to be known as the first Gulf War, eventually resulting in the forced expulsion of Iraqi troops from Kuwait and the Iraqis setting 600 Kuwaiti oil wells on fire during their retreat, as a scorched earth strategy.

Quick facts: Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, Date, Location, Res...
Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait
Part of the Gulf War
Location of Iraq (green) and Kuwait (orange)
Date2–4 August 1990

Iraqi victory

Iraq annexes Kuwait as its 19th province and the creation of the Saddamiyat al-Mitla' District
Flag_of_Iraq_%281963%E2%80%931991%29.svg Iraq Flag_of_Kuwait.svg Kuwait
Commanders and leaders
Iraq Saddam Hussein Kuwait Jaber III
Casualties and losses
  • 295 killed
  • 361 wounded

(Unconfirmed Kuwaiti claims)

(Unconfirmed Kuwaiti claims)

  • 420 killed
  • 12,000 captured[6]


A variety of speculations have been made regarding the true intents behind the Iraqi move, including Iraq's inability to pay Kuwait more than US$14 billion that it had borrowed from Kuwait to finance the Iran–Iraq War, and Kuwait's surge in petroleum production levels which kept revenues down for Iraq.[19] Throughout much of the 1980s, Kuwait's oil production was above its mandatory OPEC quota, which kept the oil prices down.[20] Iraq interpreted Kuwait's refusal to decrease its oil production as an act of aggression. In early 1990, Iraq accused Kuwait of stealing Iraqi petroleum through cross-border slant drilling, although some Iraqi sources indicated that Saddam Hussein's decision to attack Kuwait was already made a few months before the actual invasion.[21] The invasion started on 2 August 1990, and within two days, most of the Kuwaiti military was either overrun by the Iraqi Republican Guard or retreated to neighboring Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. Immediately following the invasion, Iraq set up a puppet government known as the "Republic of Kuwait" to rule over Kuwait, eventually annexing it outright, when Saddam Hussein announced a few days later that it was the 19th province of Iraq.[22]