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Iron Dome

Israeli air defense system / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Iron Dome (Hebrew: כִּפַּת בַּרְזֶל, romanized: Kippat Barzel) is a mobile all-weather air defense system[8] developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries.[7] The system is designed to intercept and destroy short-range rockets and artillery shells fired from distances of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to 70 kilometres (43 mi) away and whose trajectory would take them to an Israeli populated area.[9][10] From 2011 to 2021, the United States contributed a total of US$1.6 billion to the Iron Dome defense system,[11] with another US$1 billion approved by the US Congress in 2022.[12][needs update]

Quick facts: Iron Dome , Type, Place of origin,...
Iron Dome
Iron Dome launches interceptor, 2021
TypeC-RAM and short range air defence system[1]
Place of originIsrael
Service history
In service2011–present
Used byIsrael Defense Forces
Production history
Unit cost$50 million per battery[2]
$100,000–150,000 per interception[3]
No. built10 batteries deployed[4] (planned deployment is 15)[5][6]
Mass90 kg (200 lb)[7]
Length3 m (9.8 ft)[7]
Diameter160 mm (6.3 in)[7]
Proximity fuze[8]

Maximum speed Mach 2.2
Three/four launchers, each carrying 20 interceptors.
Short video about Iron Dome from the Israeli News Company
The EL/M-2084 active electronically scanned array scaled down derivative radar of the Iron Dome
US Ambassador Dan Shapiro visits the Battle Management & Control (BMC) unit of the Iron Dome

Iron Dome was declared operational and initially deployed on 27 March 2011 near Beersheba.[13] On 7 April 2011, the system successfully intercepted a rocket launched from Gaza for the first time.[14] On 10 March 2012, The Jerusalem Post reported that the system shot down 90% of rockets launched from Gaza that would have landed in populated areas.[10] In late 2012 Israel said that it hoped to increase the range of Iron Dome's interceptions, from a maximum of 70 kilometres (43 mi) to 250 kilometres (160 mi) and make it more versatile so that it could intercept rockets coming from two directions simultaneously.[15]

In November 2012, official statements indicated that it had intercepted over 400 rockets.[16][17] By late October 2014, the Iron Dome systems had intercepted over 1,200 rockets.[18]

In addition to their land-based deployment, it was reported in 2017 that Iron Dome batteries would in future be deployed at sea on Sa'ar 6-class corvettes, to protect off-shore gas platforms in conjunction with Israel's Barak 8 missile system.[19]