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Jökulsárlón

Glacial lake in Iceland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jökulsárlón (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈjœːkʏlsˌaurˌlouːn] (listen); literally "glacial river lagoon") is a large glacial lake in southern part of Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland. Situated at the head of the Breiðamerkurjökull glacier, it developed into a lake after the glacier started receding from the edge of the Atlantic Ocean. The lake has grown since then at varying rates because of melting of the glaciers. It is now about 8 km (5.0 mi) away from the ocean's edge and covers an area of about 18 km2 (6.9 sq mi). In 2009 it was reported to be the deepest lake in Iceland, at over 284 m (932 ft), as glacial retreat extended its boundaries.[1] The size of the lake has increased fourfold since the 1970s.[2][3][4][5]

Quick facts: Jökulsárlón, Coordinates, Type, Primary inflo...
Jökulsárlón
Jökulsárlón
Coordinates64°04′13″N 16°12′42″W
TypeGlacial
Primary inflowsBreiðamerkurjökull glacier
Primary outflowsAtlantic Ocean
Basin countriesIceland
Max. length8 km (5.0 mi)
Surface area18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)
Max. depth284 metres (932 ft)[1]
Water volume2,500–3,000 hm3/s (0.60–0.72 cu mi/s)
Surface elevation0 m (0 ft), sea level
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The lake can be seen from Route 1 between Höfn and Skaftafell. It appears as "a ghostly procession of luminous blue icebergs".[3]

Jökulsárlón has been a setting for four Hollywood movies: A View to a Kill, Die Another Day, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and Batman Begins, as well as the reality TV series The Amazing Race.[3][6][7] In 1991, Iceland issued a postage stamp, with a face value of 26 kronur, depicting Jökulsárlón.[2]

The tongue of the Breiðamerkurjökull glacier is a major attraction for tourists.