James McNeill Whistler

American painter (1834–1903) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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James Abbott McNeill Whistler RBA (/ˈwɪslər/; July 10, 1834  July 17, 1903) was an American painter in oils and watercolor, and printmaker, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom. He eschewed sentimentality and moral allusion in painting and was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake".

Quick facts: James McNeill Whistler, Born, Died, Nationali...
James McNeill Whistler
Arrangement in Gray: Portrait of the Painter
(self portrait, c. 1872), Detroit Institute of Arts
BornJuly 10, 1834
DiedJuly 17, 1903(1903-07-17) (aged 69)
London, England, UK
EducationUnited States Military Academy, West Point, New York
Known forPainting
Notable workWhistler's Mother
MovementFounder of Tonalism
(m. 1888; died 1896)

His signature for his paintings took the shape of a stylized butterfly with an added long stinger for a tail.[1] The symbol combined both aspects of his personality: his art is marked by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative. He found a parallel between painting and music, and entitled many of his paintings "arrangements", "harmonies", and "nocturnes", emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony.[2] His most famous painting, Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1 (1871), commonly known as Whistler's Mother, is a revered and often parodied portrait of motherhood. Whistler influenced the art world and the broader culture of his time with his aesthetic theories and his friendships with other leading artists and writers.[3]

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