James Joseph Sylvester

English mathematician (1814–1897) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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James Joseph Sylvester FRS HonFRSE (3 September 1814 – 15 March 1897) was an English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory, and combinatorics. He played a leadership role in American mathematics in the later half of the 19th century as a professor at the Johns Hopkins University and as founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. At his death, he was a professor at Oxford University.

Quick facts: James Joseph Sylvester, Born, Died, Resting p...
James Joseph Sylvester
James Joseph

(1814-09-03)3 September 1814
London, England
Died15 March 1897(1897-03-15) (aged 82)
London, England
Resting placeBalls Pond Road Cemetery
Alma materSt. John's College, Cambridge
Known for
AwardsRoyal Medal (1861)
Copley Medal (1880)
De Morgan Medal (1887)
Scientific career
InstitutionsJohns Hopkins University
University College London
University of Virginia
Royal Military Academy, Woolwich
University of Oxford
Academic advisorsJohn Hymers
Augustus De Morgan
Doctoral studentsWilliam Durfee
George B. Halsted
Washington Irving Stringham
Other notable studentsIsaac Todhunter
William Roberts McDaniel
Harry Fielding Reid
Christine Ladd-Franklin
InfluencedMorgan Crofton
Christine Ladd-Franklin
George Salmon