Japan Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale

Japanese earthquake measurements / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Japan Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Seismic Intensity Scale[1] (known in Japan as the Shindo seismic scale)[2] is a seismic intensity scale used in Japan to categorize the intensity of local ground shaking caused by earthquakes.

Map of Japan showing the distribution of maximum JMA Seismic Intensities by prefecture for the 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake

Japan Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale

The JMA intensity scale should not be confused or conflated with magnitude measurements like the moment magnitude (Mw) and the earlier Richter scales, which represent how much energy an earthquake releases. Much like the Mercalli scale, the JMA scheme quantifies how much ground-surface shaking takes place at measurement sites distributed throughout an affected area. Intensities are expressed as numerical values called shindo (震度, "seismic intensity"); the higher the value, the more intense the shaking. Values are derived from peak ground acceleration and duration of the shaking, which are themselves influenced by factors such as distance to and depth of the hypocenter (focus), local soil conditions, and nature of the geology in between, as well as the event's magnitude; every quake thus entails numerous intensities.

The data needed for calculating intensity are obtained from a network of 670 observation stations using "Model 95" strong ground motion accelerometers.[3][4] The agency provides the public with real-time reports through the media and Internet[5] giving event time, epicenter (location), magnitude, and depth followed by intensity readings at affected localities.