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Japanese cruiser Tsugaru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tsugaru in 1918
NamesakeTsugaru Strait
Ordered1895 Fiscal Year
BuilderAdmiralty Shipyard, Russia
Laid down1 December 1895
Launched26 August 1899
Completed2 November 1901
Acquiredby Japan as prize of war, 1905
Commissioned22 August 1908
Stricken1 April 1922
FateScuttled, 27 May 1924
General characteristics
TypeProtected cruiser
  • 6,731 long tons (6,839 t) standard
  • 6,932 long tons (7,043 t) full load
Length126 m (413 ft 5 in) w/l
Beam16.8 m (55 ft 1 in)
Draught6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)
Propulsion2 shaft reciprocating VTE engines; 24 boilers; 11,610 hp (8,660 kW)
Speed20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h)
Range3,700 nmi (6,900 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)

Tsugaru (津軽) was a protected cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, acquired as a prize of war during the Russo-Japanese War from the Imperial Russian Navy, where it was originally known as Pallada. The cruisers Aurora and Diana were her sister ships.


Pallada was built by the Admiralty Shipyard in St Petersburg, Russia for the Imperial Russian Navy. As the lead ship of the Pallada class, it was one of the most modern cruisers in the Russian navy when assigned to the Russian Far East squadron based at Port Arthur, Manchuria.

With the start of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, Pallada was trapped at Port Arthur, and subsequently sunk by Japanese artillery during the Siege of Port Arthur on 8 December 1904.

Service record

After the capture of Port Arthur by the Japanese, the wreck of Pallada was raised, repaired, and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy as the second-class cruiser Tsugaru on 22 August 1908. Her new name came from the Tsugaru Strait between Honshū and Hokkaidō.

After commissioning into the Japanese navy, Tsugaru was used almost exclusively for training duties, especially for mechanical systems training, and rarely left Japanese home waters.

On 1 April 1920, Tsugaru was re-classified as a minelayer with 300 mines. She was removed from the active list on 1 April 1922, and scuttled with explosive charges in the Pacific Ocean off Yokosuka, Japan, on 27 May 1924.

The cruiser Tsugaru should not be confused with the Pacific War era minelayer of the same name.


  • Russian cruiser Poltava, mislabelled Pallada sunk in Port Arthur
    Russian cruiser Poltava, mislabelled Pallada sunk in Port Arthur
  • Tsugaru in 1912
    Tsugaru in 1912
  • Tsugaru in 1914
    Tsugaru in 1914


  • Evans, David. Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press (1979). ISBN 0-87021-192-7
  • Howarth, Stephen. The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum; (1983) ISBN 0-689-11402-8
  • Jane, Fred T. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Thacker, Spink & Co (1904) ASIN: B00085LCZ4
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg. Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press (1976). ISBN 0-87021-893-X
  • Schencking, J. Charles. Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, And The Emergence Of The Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922. Stanford University Press (2005). ISBN 0-8047-4977-9

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Japanese cruiser Tsugaru
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