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Government of Japan

Constitutional monarchy which governs Japan / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Government of Japan consists of legislative, executive and judiciary branches and is based on popular sovereignty. The Government runs under the framework established by the Constitution of Japan, adopted in 1947. It is a unitary state, containing forty-seven administrative divisions, with the Emperor as its Head of State.[1] His role is ceremonial and he has no powers related to Government.[2] Instead, it is the Cabinet, comprising the Ministers of State and the Prime Minister, that directs and controls the Government and the civil service. The Cabinet has the executive power and is formed by the Prime Minister, who is the Head of Government.[3][4] The Prime Minister is nominated by the National Diet and appointed to office by the Emperor.[5][6]

Quick facts: Government of Japan 日本国政府, Polity type, Cons...
Government of Japan

Polity typeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
ConstitutionConstitution of Japan
Formation1885; 138 years ago (1885)
Legislative branch
NameNational Diet
Meeting placeNational Diet Building
Upper house
NameHouse of Councillors
Lower house
NameHouse of Representatives
Executive branch
Head of State
Head of Government
TitlePrime Minister
CurrentlyFumio Kishida
NameCabinet of Japan
LeaderPrime Minister
AppointerPrime Minister
HeadquartersPrime Minister's Official Residence
Judicial branch
The Supreme Court of Japan
Quick facts: Government of Japan, Japanese name, Kanji, Hi...
Government of Japan
Japanese name
Hiragana (formal)

The National Diet is the legislature, the organ of the Legislative branch. It is bicameral, consisting of two houses with the House of Councilors being the upper house, and the House of Representatives being the lower house. Its members are directly elected by the people, who are the source of sovereignty.[7] It is defined as the supreme organ of sovereignty in the Constitution. The Supreme Court and other lower courts make up the Judicial branch and have all the judicial powers in the state. It has ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Japanese constitution and the power of judicial review. They are independent from the executive and the legislative branches.[8] Judges are nominated or appointed by the Cabinet and never removed by the executive or the legislature except during impeachment.