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Jinzhou District

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Jinzhou

金州区

Kinchow
Jinzhou
Jinzhou
Location in Liaoning
Coordinates: 39°05′55″N 121°43′13″E / 39.0985°N 121.7202°E / 39.0985; 121.7202Coordinates: 39°05′55″N 121°43′13″E / 39.0985°N 121.7202°E / 39.0985; 121.7202[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceLiaoning
Sub-provincial cityDalian
Area
 • Total1,352.54 km2 (522.22 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total1,102,773
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
116100
Dalian district map
Division code210213

Jinzhou District (simplified Chinese: 金州区; traditional Chinese: 金州區; pinyin: Jīnzhōu Qū; lit.: 'golden prefecture') is one of the seven districts of Dalian, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city centre and facing the Bohai Sea to the west as well as the Korea Bay to the east and has a longer history than Dalian itself, and used to be a thriving walled city where the officials of this area were dispatched from the central government. Recently, it is again a thriving town, having Dalian Development Area within its area as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian. Its area is 1,352.54 square kilometres (522.22 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010 is 1,102,773.[2][3]

Xiangying Square in the center of Jinzhou, with Guan Xiangying's statue (left) and the former Museum turned a drugstore (back).
Xiangying Square in the center of Jinzhou, with Guan Xiangying's statue (left) and the former Museum turned a drugstore (back).

History

Before Russia coerced a lease of the Lüshun Naval Port from the Qing dynasty and established Dalian as a commercial port in 1898, Jinzhou was the center of this region, a thriving walled town, to which the central government official was dispatched to rule this region.

Recently, it is again a thriving District, having Dalian Development Area within it as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian.

Geography

  • 1074.6 aquare kilometers of land
  • 20 kilometers northeast of the downtown Dalian
  • Pulandian City to the north, Ganjingzi District to the south, the Yellow Sea to the east and the Bohai Sea to the west
  • Highest point: Dahei Mountain, 662 meters above sea level
  • In winter, the Yellow Sea side of Jinzhou does not freeze, but the Bohai Sea side freezes in January and February

Administrative divisions

The former yamen of the Jinzhou fudutong
The former yamen of the Jinzhou fudutong

There are 25 subdistricts within the district.[5][6]

Subdistricts:

  • Yongzheng Subdistrict (拥政街道)
  • Youyi Subdistrict (友谊街道)
  • Guangzhong Subdistrict (光中街道)
  • Maqiaozi Subdistrict (马桥子街道)
  • Haiqingdao Subdistrict (海青岛街道)
  • Dagushan Subdistrict (大孤山街道)
  • Zhanqian Subdistrict (站前街道)
  • Xianjin Subdistrict (先进街道)
  • Dongjiagou Subdistrict (董家沟街道)
  • Jinshitan Subdistrict (金石滩街道)
  • Wanli Subdistrict (湾里街道)
  • Ershilipu Subdistrict (二十里堡街道)
  • Liangjiadian Subdistrict (亮甲店街道)
  • Dengshahe Subdistrict (登沙河街道)
  • Daweijia Subdistrict (大魏家街道)
  • Xingshu Subdistrict (杏树街道)
  • Qidingshan Subdistrict (七顶山街道)
  • Huajia Subdistrict (华家街道)
  • Xiangying Subdistrict (向应街道)
  • Dalijia Subdistrict (大李家街道)
  • Desheng Subdistrict (得胜街道)
  • Paotai Subdistrict (炮台街道)
  • Fuzhouwan Subdistrict (复州湾街道)
  • Sanshilipu Subdistrict (Sanshihlipu) (三十里堡街道)
  • Shihe Subdistrict (石河街道)

Transportation

Jinzhou train station
Jinzhou train station

Education

Colleges and Universities

International schools

Sightseeing

Jinzhou's New Museum.
Jinzhou's New Museum.
  • Xiangying Square and Stalin Road for Pedestrians only
  • Former government official's office
  • Jinzhou Museum, newly built in north of the town
  • Longwang Taoist Temple, Jinzhou Christian Church, etc.
  • South Hills, a Russo-Japanese war battleground
  • Dahei Mountain

Dalian Development Area

  • Cannon Hills, East Mountain Park, Kailun International Hot Spring Club, etc.

Golden Pebble Beach (Jinshitan) Tourist Area

Eight Views of Old Jinzhou

The Eight Views of Old Jinzhou are:[7]

  • Shengshui Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
  • Xiangshui Temple (Taoist, Dahei Mountain)
  • Chaoyang Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
  • Beisha Castle (Dahei Mountain)
  • Yuhuang Temple (Taoist)
  • Diaojingtai
  • Longwang Temple (Taoist)
  • Mengzhen Cave

See also

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Jinzhou" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ a b Dalian Statistical Yearbook 2012 (《大连统计年鉴2012》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2010 Census county-by-county statistics (《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ Liaoning Province, particularly its southern region from Dalian to Dandong, abounds in the legends of Emperor Taizong of Tang and his generals' Goguryeo campaigns, reflected in the place names, etc.
  5. ^ 大连市-行政区划网
  6. ^ http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/tjyqhdmhcxhfdm/2018/21/02/210213.html
  7. ^ Eight Views of Old Jinzhou (in Chinese)
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Jinzhou District
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