Dutch noble rank / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jonkheer (female equivalent: jonkvrouw; French: Écuyer; English: Squire) is an honorific in the Low Countries denoting the lowest rank within the nobility. In the Netherlands, this in general concerns a prefix used by the untitled nobility. In Belgium, this is the lowest title within the nobility system, recognised by the Court of Cassation.[1][2] It is the cognate and equivalent of the German noble honorific Junker, which was historically used throughout the German-speaking part of Europe, and to some extent also within Scandinavia.

The abbreviation of the honorific is jhr., and that of the female equivalent jkvr., which is placed before the given name and titles.