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Kamakura (鎌倉, Kamakura, [kamakɯɾa] i) officially Kamakura City (鎌倉市, Kamakura-shi) is a city of Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. It is located in the Kanto region on the island of Honshu. The city has an estimated population of 172,929 (1 September 2020) and a population density of 4,359 persons per km² over the total area of 39.67 km2 (15.32 sq mi). Kamakura was designated as a city on 3 November 1939.
|First official recorded||1063|
|City Settled||November 3, 1939|
|• Mayor||Takashi Matsuo|
|• Total||39.67 km2 (15.32 sq mi)|
(September 1, 2020)
|• Density||4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|– Tree||Yamazakura (Prunus jamasakura)|
|Address||18-10 Onarimachi, Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa-ken 248-8686|
Kamakura is one of Japan's ancient capitals, alongside Kyoto and Nara, and it served as the seat of the Kamakura shogunate from 1185 to 1333, established by Minamoto no Yoritomo. It was the first military government in Japan's history. After the downfall of the shogunate, Kamakura saw a temporary decline. However, during the Edo period, it regained popularity as a tourist destination among the townspeople of Edo. Despite suffering significant losses of historical and cultural assets due to the Great Kantō Earthquake in 1923, Kamakura continues to be one of the major tourist attractions in the Kanto region, known for its historical landmarks such as Tsurugaoka Hachimangū and the Great Buddha of Kamakura.