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Kazan

Capital of Tatarstan, Russia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Kazan (/kəˈzæn, -ˈzɑːn/ kə-ZAN, -ZAHN; Russian: Казань, IPA: [kɐˈzanʲ]; Tatar: Казан, IPA: [qɑzan])[14] is the largest city and capital of Tatarstan, Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the Volga and the Kazanka rivers, covering an area of 425.3 square kilometres (164.2 square miles), with a population of over 1.3 million residents,[15] up to roughly 1.7 million residents in the metropolitan area. Kazan is the fifth-largest city in Russia, and the most populous city on the Volga, as well as the Volga Federal District.

Quick facts: Kazan Казань, Country, Federal subject, F...
Kazan
Казань
City of republic significance[1]
View to the Agricultural Palace and Palace Square
Spasskaya Tower
Qolşärif Mosque
Söyembikä Tower at night
Epiphany Cathedral and Bauman Street
The Kazan Kremlin
Top-down, left-to-right: View to the Agricultural Palace and Palace Square; Spasskaya Tower; Kul Sharif Mosque; Söyembikä Tower at night; Epiphany Cathedral and Bauman Street; and a view of the Kazan Kremlin.
Flag of Kazan
Coat of arms of Kazan
Location of Kazan
Map
Kazan is located in Tatarstan
Kazan
Kazan
Location of Kazan
Kazan is located in Russia
Kazan
Kazan
Kazan (Russia)
Kazan is located in Europe
Kazan
Kazan
Kazan (Europe)
Coordinates: 55°47′47″N 49°06′32″E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTatarstan[1]
Founded1005[2]
Government
  BodyCity Duma[3]
  Mayor[4]Ilsur Metshin[4]
Area
  Total425.3 km2 (164.2 sq mi)
Elevation
60 m (200 ft)
Population
  Total1,143,535
  Estimate 
(2018)[7]
1,243,500 (+8.7%)
  Rank8th in 2010
  Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
  Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Kazan[1]
  Capital ofRepublic of Tatarstan[8]
  Capital ofcity of republic significance of Kazan[1]
  Urban okrugKazan Urban Okrug[9]
  Capital ofKazan Urban Okrug[9]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[10])
Postal code(s)[11]
420xxx
Dialing code(s)+7 843[12]
OKTMO ID92701000001
City Day30 August[13]
Websitewww.kzn.ru
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Kazan became the capital of the Khanate of Kazan and was conquered by Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century, becoming a part of the Tsardom of Russia. The city was seized and largely destroyed during Pugachev's Rebellion of 1773–1775, but was later rebuilt during the reign of Catherine the Great. In the following centuries, Kazan grew to become a major industrial, cultural and religious centre of Russia. In 1920, after the Russian SFSR became a part of the Soviet Union, Kazan became the capital of the Tatar ASSR. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Kazan remained the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Kazan is renowned for its vibrant mix of Tatar and Russian cultures.[16] In 2015, 2.1 million tourists visited Kazan, and 1.5 million tourists visited the Kazan Kremlin, a World Heritage Site.[17] In April 2009, the Russian Patent Office granted Kazan the right to brand itself as the "Third Capital of Russia".[18] In 2009 it was chosen as the "Sports capital of Russia",[19] and it still is referred to as such.[20] Kazan hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade, and was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.