cover image


Country in Southeastern Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Kosovo?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Kosovo (Albanian: Kosova [kɔˈsɔva]; Serbian Cyrillic: Косово [kôsoʋo]), officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Republika e Kosovës; Serbian: Република Косово, romanized: Republika Kosovo), is a partially recognized country in Southeast Europe. Kosovo lies landlocked in the centre of the Balkans, bordered by Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest, and Montenegro to the west. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and the Kosovo field. The Accursed Mountains and Šar Mountains rise in the southwest and southeast, respectively. Its capital and largest city is Pristina.

Quick facts: Republic of .plainlis...
Republic of Kosovo
  • Republika e Kosovës (Albanian)
  • Република Косово / Republika Kosovo (Serbian)
Anthem: Himni i Republikës së Kosovës
"Anthem of the Republic of Kosovo"
Location in Europe
Location in Europe
and largest city
42°40′N 21°10′E
Official languagesAlbanian
Regional languages
Ethnic groups
  • Kosovar, Kosovan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Vjosa Osmani
Albin Kurti
Glauk Konjufca
31 January 1946
2 July 1990
9 June 1999
10 June 1999
17 February 2008
10 September 2012
19 April 2013
10,887[5] km2 (4,203 sq mi)
 Water (%)
 2022 estimate
Neutral decrease 1,761,985[7] (151st)
162/km2 (419.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $27.66 billion[8] (148th)
 Per capita
Increase $15,620[8] (100th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $9.99 billion[8] (155th)
 Per capita
Increase $5,641[8] (104th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 29.0[9]
HDI (2021)Increase 0.762[10]
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+383
ISO 3166 codeXK
Internet TLD.xkc (proposed)
  1. Pristina is the official capital.[11] Prizren is the historic capital of Kosovo.[11]
  2. The Euro is the official currency in Kosovo even though Kosovo is not a formal member of the eurozone. The Serbian dinar is sometimes accepted in Serb-majority areas.[12][13][14]
  3. XK is a "user assigned" ISO 3166 code not designated by the standard, but used by the European Commission, Switzerland, the Deutsche Bundesbank and other organisations. However, ISO 3166-2:RS-KM remains in use.

The Dardani tribe emerged in Kosovo and established the Kingdom of Dardania in the 4th century BC. It was later annexed by the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC. The territory remained in the Byzantine Empire, facing Slavic migrations from the 6th-7th century AD. Control shifted between the Byzantines and the First Bulgarian Empire. In the 13th century, Kosovo became integral to the Serbian medieval state and the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Ottoman expansion in the Balkans in the late 14th and 15th century led to the decline and fall of the Serbian Empire; the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 is considered to be one of the defining moments. The Ottoman Empire fully conquered Kosovo after the Second Battle of Kosovo, ruling for nearly five centuries until 1912. Kosovo was the center of the Albanian Renaissance and experienced the Albanian revolts of 1910 and 1912. After the Balkan Wars, it was ceded to Serbia and Montenegro and became an Autonomous Province within Yugoslavia. Tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb communities simmered through the 20th century and occasionally erupted into major violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of 1998 and 1999, which resulted in the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army and the establishment of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo.

Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008,[15] and has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 102 member states of the United Nations. Although Serbia does not officially recognise Kosovo as a sovereign state and continues to claim it as its constituent Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, it accepts the governing authority of the Kosovo institutions as a part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement.[16]

Kosovo is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy. It has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade as measured by international financial institutions since the onset of the financial crisis of 2007–2008. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, EBRD, Venice Commission, the International Olympic Committee, and has applied for membership in the Council of Europe, UNESCO, Interpol, and for observer status in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. In December 2022, Kosovo filed a formal application to become a member of the European Union.[17]