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|100 (2002, Ethnologue)|
There is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between Kyirong and other Kyirong-Yolmo varieties. It is most closely related to the Nubri and Gyalsomdo languages, and more distantly related to other languages in the family.
There are 36 consonants in Kyirong, which are summarized in the table below.
|voiced lateral approximant||l|
|unvoiced lateral fricative||ɬ|
There are eight places of articulation for vowels. There is a length distinction at each place of articulation, as well as a long nasalised vowel.
|Front I||Front II||Central||Back|
|Close||i iː iː||y yː yː||u uː uː|
|Half-close||e eː eː||ø øː øː||ɔ ɔː ɔː|
|Half-open||ɛ ɛː ɛː|
|Open||a aː aː|
Kyriong has a three tone system; high, medium and low. Low tone is often accompanied by breathy voice.
- Hedlin, M. (2011). An Investigation of the relationship between the Kyirong, Yòlmo, and Standard Spoken Tibetan speech varieties. Masters thesis, Payap University, Chiang Mai.
- Huber, B. (2005). The Tibetan dialect of Lende (Kyirong). Beiträge zur tibetischen Erzählforschung, 15.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kyerung". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- N. Tournadre (2005) "L'aire linguistique tibétaine et ses divers dialectes." Lalies, 2005, n°25, p. 7–56 
- Huber, Brigitte (2005). The Tibetan dialect of Lende (Kyirong). Bonn: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag.
- Hedlin, Matthew (2011). An investigation of the relationship between the Kyirong, Yòlmo, and Standard Spoken Tibetan speech varieties (unpublished MA thesis). Payap University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
- Gawne, Lauren (2013). "Report on the relationship between Yolmo and Kagate". Himalayan Linguistics. 12: 1–27.
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