Leader of the Chinese Communist Party

Chinese ruling party official / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The leader of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party is the highest-ranking official and head of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Since 1982, the General Secretary of the Central Committee is considered the party's leader. Since its formation in 1921, the leader's post has been titled as Secretary of the Central Bureau (19211922), Chairman (19221925, 19281931, and 19431982), and General Secretary (19251928, 19311943, and 1982 onwards).

Quick facts: Leader of the Central Committee of the Chines...
Leader of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Simplified Chinese中共中央主要负责人
Traditional Chinese中共中央主要負責人
Literal meaningCPC Central Committee primary responsible person

By custom the party leader has either been elected by the CCP Central Committee or the Central Politburo.[1] There were several name changes until Mao Zedong finally formalized the office of Chairman of the Central Committee.[1] Since 1982, the CCP National Congress and its 1st CC Plenary Session has been the main institutional setting in which the CCP leadership are elected.[1] From 1992 onwards, every party leader has been elected by a 1st CC Plenary Session. In the period 1928–45 the CCP leader was elected by conference, meetings of the Central Committee or by decisions of the Politburo.[1] The last exception to this rule is Jiang Zemin, who was elected at the 4th Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee in the aftermath of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre.[2] Currently, to be nominated for the office of general secretary, one has to be a member of the CCP Politburo Standing Committee.[3]

Despite breaching the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party, several individuals (who are not included in the list) have been de facto leaders of the CCP without holding formal positions of power.[4] Wang Ming was briefly in charge in 1931 after Xiang Zhongfa was jailed by Kuomintang forces, while Li Lisan is considered to have been the real person in-charge for most of Xiang's tenure.[4] Deng Xiaoping is the last CCP official to achieve this; he became de facto leader of the CCP and paramount leader of China despite having never served as chairman or general secretary, his highest post being Chairman of the Central Military Commission (commander-in-chief). [5]

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