Li Keqiang

Premier of the People's Republic of China from 2013 to 2023 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Li Keqiang (Chinese: 李克强; pinyin: Lǐ Kèqiáng; born 1 July 1955) is a Chinese economist and retired politician who served as the premier of the People's Republic of China from 2013 to 2023. He was also the second-ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 2012 to 2022. Li was a major part of the "fifth generation of Chinese leadership" along with Xi Jinping, the CCP general secretary.

Quick facts: Li Keqiang, 7th Premier of the People's Repub...
Li Keqiang
Li in 2018
7th Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
15 March 2013  11 March 2023
Vice Premier
Cabinet I
Cabinet II
LeaderXi Jinping
Preceded byWen Jiabao
Succeeded byLi Qiang
First Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
17 March 2008  15 March 2013
PremierWen Jiabao
Preceded byWu Yi (acting)
Succeeded byZhang Gaoli
Communist Party Secretary of Liaoning
In office
13 December 2004  29 October 2007
DeputyZhang Wenyue (Governor)
Preceded byWen Shizhen
Succeeded byZhang Wenyue
Communist Party Secretary of Henan
In office
30 December 2002  13 December 2004
DeputyLi Chengyu (Governor)
Preceded byChen Kuiyuan
Succeeded byXu Guangchun
First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China
In office
10 May 1993  23 June 1998
Preceded bySong Defu
Succeeded byZhou Qiang
Personal details
Born (1955-07-01) 1 July 1955 (age 68)
Hefei, Anhui, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (since 1974)
(m. 1983)
Alma mater
CabinetLi Keqiang Government
Central institution membership
  • 2007–2022: 17th, 18th, 19th Politburo Standing Committee
  • 2007–2022: 17th, 18th, 19th Politburo
  • 1997–2022: Full member, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th Central Committee
  • 1993–1998: Delegate, 8th National People's Congress

Leading group posts

Other offices held
Scientific career
ThesisOn the ternary structure of Chinese economy (1991)
Doctoral advisorLi Yining
Quick facts: Li Keqiang, Simplified Chinese, Traditional&n...
Li Keqiang
Li's name in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese李克强
Traditional Chinese李克強

Born in Hefei, Anhui province in 1955, Li initially rose through the ranks of Chinese politics through his involvement in the Communist Youth League of China (CYLC), serving as its first secretary from 1993 to 1998. From 1998 to 2004, Li served as the governor of Henan and the province's party secretary. From 2004 to 2007 he served as the Party Secretary of Liaoning, the top political office in the province. From 2008 to 2013, Li served as the first-ranked vice premier[note 1] under then-premier Wen Jiabao, overseeing a broad portfolio which included economic development, price controls, finance, climate change, and macroeconomic management.

Initially seen as a candidate for becoming the paramount leader, Li instead assumed the post of premier in 2013, and has facilitated the Chinese government's shifting of priorities from export-led growth to a greater focus on internal consumption. During his term Li headed the State Council and was one of the leading figures behind China's Financial and Economic Affairs, Foreign Affairs, National Security and Deepening Reforms. Additionally, Li and his cabinet initiated the Made in China 2025 strategic plan in May 2015. He was succeeded as premier by Li Qiang in March 2023.

Given his Youth League experience, Li has generally been considered a political ally of former leader Hu Jintao and a member of the Tuanpai faction. Economically seen as advocating reform and liberalization, Li has been described as representing the more pragmatic and technocratic side of China's leadership. There has been speculation that Li may have been sidelined by Xi Jinping for reasons of power consolidation.