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List of heads of state of Montenegro

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This article lists the heads of state of Montenegro, from the establishment of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro to the present day.

The list includes the heads of state of the independent monarchies; Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro, Principality of Montenegro and Kingdom of Montenegro, as well as Socialist Republic of Montenegro, a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and heads of state of the Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006), a constituent country of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Between 1943 and 1974, Montenegro's head of state was the speaker of the Montenegrin parliament.

Monarchy

Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro (1696–1852)

Prince-Bishop Reign Claim
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
House Reign start Reign end Duration
1
Danilo I
Данило I
(1670–1735)
Petrović-Njegoš July 1696 11 January 1735 38 years, 6 months Founder of the House of Petrović-Njegoš
2
Sava II
Сава II
(1702–1782)
Petrović-Njegoš 11 January 1735 9 March 1782 47 years, 57 days Relative of Danilo I
Ruled jointly with Vasilije III from 1750 until 10 March 1766
3
Vasilije III
Василије III
(1709–1766)
Petrović-Njegoš 1750 10 March 1766 15–16 years Relative of Danilo I and Sava II
Ruled jointly with Sava II
4
Petar I
Петар I
(1747–1830)
Petrović-Njegoš March 1782 30 October 1830 48 years, 7 months Relative of Sava II and Vasilije III
5
Petar II
Петар II
(1813–1851)
Petrović-Njegoš 30 October 1830 31 October 1851 21 years, 1 day Relative of Petar I
6
Danilo II
Данило II
(1826–1860)
Petrović-Njegoš 1 January 1852 13 March 1852 72 days Relative of Petar II

Principality of Montenegro (1852–1910)

Prince Reign Claim
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
House Reign start Reign end Duration
1
Danilo I
Данило I
(1826–1860)
Petrović-Njegoš 13 March 1852 13 August 1860
(Assassinated)
8 years, 153 days Previously ruled as Prince-Bishop
2
Nikola I
Никола I
(1841–1921)
Petrović-Njegoš 13 August 1860 28 August 1910 50 years, 15 days Relative of Danilo I

Kingdom of Montenegro (1910–1918)

King Reign Claim
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
House Reign start Reign end Duration
1
Nikola I
Никола I
(1841–1921)

[a]
Petrović-Njegoš 28 August 1910 26 November 1918 8 years, 90 days Previously ruled as Prince
From 1918 until 1941 Montenegro (later Zeta) was an oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Republic

Socialist Republic of Montenegro (1943–1992)

SR Montenegro within Democratic Federal Yugoslavia and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

  People's Front   Communist Party / League of Communists   Democratic Party of Socialists   Denotes Acting President

President Term of office Party Notes
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office
President of the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of National Liberation
1943–1946
N/A
Niko Miljanić
(1892–1957)
15 November 1943 21 November 1946 3 years, 6 days Independent
(People's Front)
Leader of Montenegrin wartime assembly.
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
1946–1953
1
Miloš Rašović
(1903–1968)
21 November 1946 6 November 1950 3 years, 350 days Communist Party
2
Nikola Kovačević
(1890–1964)
6 November 1950 4 February 1953 2 years, 90 days Communist Party
(renamed)
Communist Party reformed and renamed into the League of Communists.
League of Communists
(renamed)
Presidents of the People's Assembly
1953–1974
(2)
Nikola Kovačević
(1890–1964)
4 February 1953 15 December 1953 314 days League of Communists
3
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
15 December 1953 12 July 1962 8 years, 209 days League of Communists
4
Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
12 July 1962 5 May 1963 297 days League of Communists
5
Andrija Mugoša
(1912–2006)
5 May 1963 5 May 1967 4 years, 0 days League of Communists
6
Veljko Milatović
(1921–2004)
5 May 1967 6 October 1969 2 years, 154 days League of Communists
7
Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
6 October 1969 1 April 1974 4 years, 177 days League of Communists
N/A
Budislav Šoškić
(1925–1979)
1 April 1974 5 April 1974 4 days League of Communists Acting President
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1990
(6)
Veljko Milatović
(1921–2004)
5 April 1974 7 May 1982 8 years, 32 days League of Communists
8
Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
7 May 1982 7 May 1983 1 year, 0 days League of Communists
9
Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
7 May 1983 7 May 1984 1 year, 0 days League of Communists
10
Miodrag Vlahović
(born 1930)
7 May 1984 7 May 1985 1 year, 0 days League of Communists
11
Branislav Šoškić
(born 1922)
7 May 1985 7 May 1986 1 year, 0 days League of Communists
12
Radivoje Brajović
(born 1935)
7 May 1986 7 May 1988 2 years, 0 days League of Communists
13
Božina Ivanović
(1931–2002)
7 May 1988 13 January 1989 251 days League of Communists
N/A
Slobodan Simović
(1939–1998)
13 January 1989 17 March 1989 63 days League of Communists Acting President
14
Branko Kostić
(1939–2020)
17 March 1989 23 December 1990 1 year, 281 days League of Communists
President of the Republic
1990–1992
15
Momir Bulatović
(1956–2019)
23 December 1990 28 April 1992 1 year, 127 days League of Communists
(until 1991)
League of Communists reformed and renamed into the Democratic Party of Socialists.
Democratic Party of Socialists
(from 1991)

Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006)

Republic of Montenegro within Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

  Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro   Democratic Party of Socialists – Momir Bulatović   Social Democratic Party of Montenegro   Denotes Acting President

President Election Term of office Party Notes
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1
(15)
Momir Bulatović
(1956–2019)
1990
1992
28 April 1992 15 January 1998 5 years, 262 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(until 1997)
DPS – Momir
Bulatović

(from 1997)
2
(16)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
1997 15 January 1998 25 November 2002 4 years, 314 days Democratic Party of Socialists
N/A
Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
25 November 2002 19 May 2003 175 days Democratic Party of Socialists Acting
N/A
Dragan Kujović
(1948–2010)
19 May 2003 22 May 2003 3 days Democratic Party of Socialists Acting
N/A
Rifat Rastoder
(born 1950)
Social Democratic Party
3
(17)
Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
2003 22 May 2003 3 June 2006 3 years, 12 days Democratic Party of Socialists

Montenegro (independent country, 2006–present)

Montenegro became an independent state on 3 June 2006.

  Democratic Party of Socialists

President Election Term of office Party
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office
(3)
(17)
Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
2008
2013
3 June 2006 20 May 2018 11 years, 351 days Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(16)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2018 20 May
2018
Incumbent 2 years, 285 days Democratic Party of Socialists

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In exile from 15 January 1916, due to the occupation by the Central Powers during World War I. Formally deposed at the Podgorica Assembly, following the liberation in 1918.
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List of heads of state of Montenegro
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